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Tumour development is characterised by the increased circulating DNA (cirDNA) concentration and by tumour-related changes in blood plasma DNA. Concentration of cirDNA and methylation of RARbeta2, RASSF1A and HIC-1 gene promoters were investigated in cell-free and cell-surface-bound fractions from healthy donors, patients with breast cancer, and patients(More)
Since the association of circulating DNA level changes with tumor growth was discovered many attempts have been made to develop the sensitive and robust blood-based tests for early tumor diagnostics. Both genomic as well as mitochondrial DNA quantification in the circulation have been extensively evaluated as a diagnostic and prognostic tool to monitor(More)
Extracellular nucleic acids are found in different biological fluids in the organism and in the environment: DNA is a ubiquitous component of the organic matter pool in the soil and in all marine and freshwater habitats. Data from recent studies strongly suggest that extracellular DNA and RNA play important biological roles in microbial communities and in(More)
To date, aberrant DNA methylation has been shown to be one of the most common and early causes of malignant cell transformation and tumors of different localizations, including lung cancer. Cancer cell-specific methylated DNA has been found in the blood of cancer patients, indicating that cell-free DNA circulating in the blood (cirDNA) is a convenient(More)
Extracellular nucleic acids in cultures of A431 and HeLa cells were investigated. The data obtained demonstrate the presence of high weight DNA and RNA in the extracellular medium. Temporal changes of extracellular nucleic acids levels in growth medium were investigated.
OBJECTIVE Study of circulating DNA (cirDNA) generation mechanisms with respect to their influence on the content of cirDNA is very important since it could indicate the best molecular targets for diagnostic applications. Since apoptosis was shown to be one of the main sources of cirDNA, we performed in vitro comparative study of cell-free apoptotic and(More)
The frequency of APC, RASSF1A, RARbeta, CDH1 and CDH13 gene promoter methylation in samples of DNA isolated from breast and lung patient plasma was studied in order to develop the noninvasive tumor-specific DNA detection method. Methylation of at least one of genes was detected in extracellular DNA from most of the cancer blood specimens. The results(More)
Inadequate cellular compartmentalisation of plasmid DNA and antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) is generally considered as a major limitation in their use. In this study, an approach combining in situ visual-isation of rhodamine-labelled ODNs and affinity modification of proteins by radiolabelled-alkylating ODN derivatives has been used to investigate(More)
The concentration of circulating DNA (cirDNA) and deoxyribonuclease activity in blood plasma of healthy donors and patients with colon or stomach cancer were analyzed. The concentration of DNA was measured using Hoechst 33258 fluorescent assay after the isolation by the glass-milk protocol. A 1-kbp PCR product labeled with biotinylated forward and(More)
Cell-free nucleic acids (NA) from human urine were investigated. Concentrations of DNA and RNA in the urine of healthy people were independent of gender and were in the range of 6 ng/mL to 50 ng/mL and 24 ng/mL to 140 ng/mL, respectively. DNA fragments of 150-400 bp represent the main part of cell-free DNA, along with DNA fragments up to 1,300 bp, which(More)