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The aim of this study was to determine the kinetics, the dissemination of the infection and the immunological response to Pneumocystis carinii primary infection in a non-immunosuppressed rabbit model. For this purpose, we developed a nested PCR that amplified a portion of the mitochondrial large-subunit rRNA gene of rabbit-derived P. carinii. The PCR(More)
Our aim was to evaluate if genetic diversity of Pneumocystis carinii could influence the detection by molecular techniques in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids and in non-invasive specimens (induced sputum, oropharyngeal washing and serum/blood). P. carinii is morphologically similar in different hosts although several strains have been identified by(More)
A nested PCR which amplified a portion of the mitochondrial large-subunit rRNA gene of Pneumocystis carinii was used to detect P. carinii DNA in blood from patients with P. carinii pneumonia. P. carinii DNA was not detected in serum and was detected at low levels of blood cells.
Detection and quantification of different Pneumocystis carinii (PC) life cycle forms were performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and by morphological stains on bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF) from HIV-infected patients with P. carinii pneumonia (PCP). The number of PC trophozoites was higher in patients with PCP who were receiving prophylaxis(More)
A number of studies have described the osteoarticular involvement of tuberculosis, but very few cases of tubercular osteomyelitis of the foot have been reported. We describe a case of spina ventosa affecting the second metatarsal, with a review of the literature and description of the clinical manifestations, diagnostic images, and treatment of skeletal(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether dihydropteroate synthase gene (DHPS) mutations were associated with the failure of sulpha/sulphone drugs used as prophylaxis agents in HIV infected patients. Results suggested that DHPS mutations were significantly associated with failure of anti-Pneumocystis carinii sulphone prophylaxis (P=0.031). An(More)
We evaluated the role of CD34+ bone marrow progenitor cells in vivo, in the pathogenesis of AIDS-related haematological abnormalities. The clonogenic activity of CD34+ cells from seven patients with HIV-1 infection, without bone marrow involving opportunistic infections or neoplasms, was assessed in semisolid cultures. The number of CFU-GM was significantly(More)
By using a recently developed PCR-solution hybridization enzyme-linked assay (PCR-SHELA), we investigated Pneumocystis carinii in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples and induced sputa of patients with pneumocystosis. In detecting P. carinii, PCR-SHELA proved more sensitive than immunofluorescence staining or a single PCR and significantly more(More)
DNA amplification by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a promising method for the detection of Pneumocystis carinii in immunosuppressed patients. The sensitivity and specificity of the PCR technique has been assessed in comparison with the immunofluorescence method (IF) on bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Results correlated in 43 (78.8%) of 52(More)