Elena Vicini

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The glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has multiple functions that promote cell survival, proliferation and migration in different cell types. The experimental over-expression of GDNF in mouse testis leads to infertility and promotes seminomatous germ cell tumours in older animals, which suggests that deregulation of the GDNF pathway may be(More)
Spermatogenesis is maintained by a pool of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). Analyses of the molecular profile of SSCs have revealed the existence of subsets, indicating that the stem cell population is more heterogeneous than previously believed. However, SSC subsets are poorly characterized. In rodents, the first steps in spermatogenesis have been(More)
In mammals, spermatogenesis is maintained by spermatogonial stem cells (SSC). In their niche, SSC divide to self-maintain and to produce a transit-amplifying population that eventually enters the meiotic cycle to give rise to spermatozoa. The low number of SSC and the lack of specific markers hinder their isolation and enrichment. Stem cells in several(More)
In the Sertoli cell, FSH stimulates transcription of a cAMP-phosphodiesterase (PDE) gene (PDE4D) and accumulation of corresponding mRNA and PDE protein. The regulation of this PDE gene is an important component of the desensitization state induced by this hormone. Given the ubiquitous nature of this regulation controlling cAMP levels, the molecular basis(More)
The products of two phosphodiesterase (PDE) genes (ratPDE3/IVd and ratPDE4/IVb) are present in the rat Sertoli cell in culture, and their expression is under the control of the gonadotropin follicle-stimulating hormone (Swinnen, J.V., Tsikalas, K.E., and Conti, M. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 18370-18377). To understand the basis of the sequence heterogeneity(More)
Through the use of somatic cell hybrids segregating either human or rat chromosomes, we determined the chromosome localizations of two genes encoding cAMP-specific phosphodiesterases (cAMP-PDEs). PDE4D, the gene encoding the cAMP-PDE isoform 3 (IVd), was assigned to human chromosome 5 and rat chromosome 2, and PDE4B, the gene encoding the cAMP-PDE isoform 4(More)
Forensic pathologists are often asked to provide evidence of asphyxia death in the trial and a histological marker of asphyxiation would be of great help. Data from the literature indicate that the reaction of lung tissue cells to asphyxia may be of more interest for forensic purposes than migrating cells. The lungs of 62 medico-legal autopsy cases, 34(More)
BACKGROUND Semen is the major vehicle for HIV-1 infection as it contains free and cell-associated virions and infected cells. However, the presence of HIV-1 in spermatozoa has been a matter of debate, since the sperm cell fraction may contain somatic infected cells that jeopardize the attribution of the detected virus to the spermatozoa. METHODS(More)
In mice and other mammals, spermatogenesis is maintained by spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs), a cell population belonging to undifferentiated type A spermatogonia. In the accepted model of SSC self-renewal, Asingle (As) spermatogonia are the stem cells, whereas paired (Apaired (Apr)) and chained (Aaligned (Aal)) undifferentiated spermatogonia are committed(More)