Elena V Boldyreva

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This paper discusses the trends in the experimental studies of molecular organic solids at high pressures by diffraction techniques. Crystallization of liquids, crystallization from solutions and solid-state transformations are considered. Special attention is paid to the high-pressure studies of pharmaceuticals and of biomimetics.
The effect of pressure on L-alanine has been studied by X-ray powder diffraction (up to 12.3 GPa), single-crystal X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and optical microscopy (up to approximately 6 GPa). No structural phase transitions have been observed. At approximately 2 GPa the cell parameters a and b become accidentally equal to each other, but without(More)
The anisotropy of structural distortion of the monoclinic polymorph of acetaminophen induced by hydrostatic pressure up to 4.0 GPa was studied by single-crystal X-ray diffraction in a Merrill-Bassett diamond anvil cell (DAC). The space group (P2(1)/n) and the general structural pattern remained unchanged with pressure. Despite the overall decrease in the(More)
Ice formation and recrystallization is a key phenomenon in freezing and freeze-drying of pharmaceuticals and biopharmaceuticals. In this investigation, high-resolution synchrotron X-ray diffraction is used to quantify the extent of disorder of ice crystals in binary aqueous solutions of a cryoprotectant (sorbitol) and a protein, bovine serum albumin. Ice(More)
To develop a technique of obtaining monoclinic polymorph of paracetamol suitable for direct compression without excipients. Preparation of spongy monoclinic paracetamol was based on quench-cooling of paracetamol solutions in water-acetone mixtures sprayed into a vessel with liquid nitrogen followed by removal of solvents by freeze-drying. X-ray powder(More)
A series of extended reversible phase transitions at approximately 0.1, 1.5, 2.0, and approximately 5 GPa was observed for the first time in the crystals of dl-cysteine by Raman spectroscopy. These are the first examples of the phase transitions induced by increasing pressure in the racemic crystal of an amino acid. In the crystals of the orthorhombic(More)
An anomaly of heat capacity near 70 K was registered in the crystalline L-cysteine (orthorhombic polymorph) by adiabatic calorimetry as a small, 3-5% height, diffuse "jump", or a wide "hump" accompanied by the substantial increase in the thermal relaxation time. The Cp(T) dependence is characteristic for a transformation extended over a wide temperature(More)
Mechanochemistry of inorganic solids is a well-established field. In the last decade mechanical treatment has become increasingly popular as a method for achieving selective and "greener" syntheses also in organic systems. New groups and researchers enter the field of mechanochemistry, often re-discovering many of the previously known facts and effects,(More)
The structure of a new polymorph of the title compound, C(10)H(13)ClN(2)O(3)S, known as the antidiabetic drug chlorpropamide, is monoclinic, in contrast with the two previously described orthorhombic alpha- and beta-forms. The molecules in the gamma-polymorph are linked into bands by hydrogen bonds similar to those in the alpha-polymorph. The conformation(More)
Incoherent inelastic neutron scattering spectra for the three crystalline polymorphs (alpha- P2(1)/n, beta- P2(1), gamma- P3(1)) of glycine (C2H5NO2) at temperatures between 5 and 300 K (using the time-of-flight (ToF) spectrometer NEAT at HMI) and at pressures from ambient up to 1 GPa (using the ToF spectrometer IN6 at the ILL) were measured. Significant(More)