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Several proteins are expressed in both immune and nervous systems. However, their putative nonimmune functions in the brain remain poorly understood. KARAP/DAP12 is a transmembrane polypeptide associated with cell-surface receptors in hematopoeitic cells. Its mutation in humans induces Nasu-Hakola disease, characterized by presenile dementia and(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are major contributors to early defense against infections. Their effector functions are controlled by a balance between activating and inhibiting signals. To date, however, the involvement of NK cell activating receptors and signaling pathways in the defense against pathogens has not been extensively investigated. In mice, several(More)
Understanding the mechanisms that help promote protective immune responses to pathogens is a major challenge in biomedical research and an important goal for the design of innovative therapeutic or vaccination strategies. While natural killer (NK) cells can directly contribute to the control of viral replication, whether, and how, they may help orchestrate(More)
Understanding Natural Killer (NK) cell anatomical distribution is key to dissect the role of these unconventional lymphocytes in physiological and disease conditions. In mouse, NK cells have been detected in various lymphoid and non-lymphoid organs, while in humans the current knowledge of NK cell distribution at steady state is mainly restricted to(More)
Type I interferons (IFN-I) were identified over 50 years ago as cytokines critical for host defense against viral infections. IFN-I promote anti-viral defense through two main mechanisms. First, IFN-I directly reinforce or induce de novo in potentially all cells the expression of effector molecules of intrinsic anti-viral immunity. Second, IFN-I orchestrate(More)
MHC class I-specific Ly49 inhibitory receptors regulate NK cell activation, thereby preventing autologous damage to normal cells. Ly49 receptors are also expressed on a subset of CD8+ T cells whose origin and function remain unknown. We report here that, despite their phenotypic and cytolytic similarities, Ly49+CD8+ T cells and conventional Ly49-CD44high(More)
A common feature of hematopoietic activating immunoreceptors resides in their association at the cell surface with transmembrane signaling adaptors. Several adaptors, such as the CD3 molecules, FcRgamma and KARAP/DAP12, harbor intracytoplasmic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAM) that activate Syk-family protein tyrosine kinases. In(More)
Lymphoid tissue-inducer cells are hematopoietic cells essential for the organogenesis of several lymphoid structures during both fetal and adult life, whereas natural killer cells are key effector lymphocytes of the innate immune system. A series of recent reports has identified RORγt(+)NKp46(+) interleukin-22-producing cells in gut and tonsils that share(More)
(1930 articles) Signal Transduction (4939 articles) Immunobiology Articles on similar topics can be found in the following Blood collections Information about subscriptions and ASH membership may be found online at: articles must include the digital object identifier (DOIs) and date of initial publication. priority; they are indexed by PubMed from initial(More)
Optimal lymphocyte activation requires the simultaneous engagement of stimulatory and costimulatory receptors. Stimulatory immunoreceptors are usually composed of a ligand-binding transmembrane protein and noncovalently associated signal-transducing subunits. Here, we report that alternative splicing leads to two distinct NKG2D polypeptides that associate(More)
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