To better characterize the roles of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in physiological and pathophysiological processes, there is an important need to learn more about the structural features relevant to the design of novel, high-affinity ligands that are family and subtype specific. To date, many of the biological studies that have been conducted… (More)
A photochemical approach to the synthesis of the aminobicycloheptane 6a is reported. This compound assumes an extended glutamate conformation, and for this reason was created to further probe the structural features relevant to achieving selectivity for the subtypes of the metabotropic glutamate family of receptors.
The synthesis of the 1-amino derivative of (2R,4R)-4-aminopyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylic acid (1-amino-APDC), a selective metabotropic glutamate ligand, is disclosed. This compound acts as a partial agonist of the group II mGluRs and shows pronounced neuroprotective properties in the NMDA model of cell toxicity.
Metabotropic glutamate receptors mGluR1 and mGluR5 stimulate phospholipase C, leading to an increased inositol trisphosphate level and to Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores. Cyclothiazide (CTZ), known as a blocker of AMPA receptor desensitization, produced a non-competitive inhibition of [Ca(2+)](i) increases induced by mGluR agonists in HEK 293 cells… (More)
In CHO-K1 cells, heat shock strongly activated reporter-gene expression driven by the cytomegalovirus immediate-early (CMV-IE) promoter from adenoviral and plasmid vectors. Heat shock treatment (2h at 42.5 °C) significantly enhanced the promoter DNA-binding activity in nuclear extracts. In CHO cells expressing mGluR1a and mGluR5a receptors under the control… (More)
Syntheses of both the alpha-methyl and benzyl analogs of quisqualic acid are described. Testing of these compounds for their activity at excitatory amino acid receptors revealed a striking change in activity in comparison to quisqualic acid. This structural modification results in the loss of quisqualate's potent agonist action at both non-NMDA ionotropic… (More)