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BACKGROUND Nitric oxide is an endothelium-derived relaxing factor that contributes significantly to vascular tone regulation. In this study we investigated the role of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) polymorphisms as predisposing factors to acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS In 477 consecutive patients admitted to the coronary intensive(More)
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most frequent congenital heart disease with frequent involvement in thoracic aortic dilatation, aneurysm and dissection. Although BAV and Marfan syndrome (MFS) share some clinical features, and some MFS patients with BAV display mutations in FBN1, the gene encoding fibrillin-1, the genetic background of isolated BAV is(More)
The risk for an adverse pregnancy outcome is markedly higher in women with history of preeclampsia. This may stem from impaired placentation in early gestation and from high impedance to flow in uteroplacental circulation. The renin-angiotensin system is one of the mediators of the remodeling of spiral arteries throughout pregnancy. The D allele of the(More)
PURPOSE Systemic sclerosis is characterized by progressive microvascular occlusion and fibrosis and by an imbalance in the fibrinolytic system. In vivo and in vitro studies suggest that the renin-angiotensin system partly regulates vascular fibrinolytic balance. Angiotensin II increases the production and secretion of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1,(More)
OBJECTIVE Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis. Apart from traditional cardiovascular risk factors, several novel biologic mediators and genetic predisposing factors appear relevant in determining the atherogenetic process leading to PAD. Genes encoding for renin angiotensin system (RAS) components have(More)
The main pathologic hallmark of systemic sclerosis (SSc) is endothelial derangement; the pathologic alterations of the vessel wall in SSc are strikingly similar to the modification detected in the atherosclerotic lesions, and it is now evident that SSc is also characterized by accelerated macrovascular disease. Peptides related to angiotensin II, the final(More)
OBJECTIVE : ACE gene is reported to be a candidate gene in heart failure. The insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism has been observed to be a predictor of mortality in this disease, but no data are available concerning the role of ACE -240A>T polymorphism. In this study, we investigated the role of ACE I/D and -240A>T polymorphisms in influencing both(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the role of polymorphisms in angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE, I/D) and angiotensin II receptor (AT1R, A1166C) in the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). MATERIALS AND METHODS We investigated 250 consecutive patients, 217 males and 33 females (median age 72, range 50-83), undergone AAA elective repair and 250 healthy(More)
BACKGROUND The renin angiotensin system affects haemostasis through different mechanisms; data on the possible role of angiotensin-converting enzyme I/D polymorphism in the pathogenesis of deep venous thrombosis are conflicting, and no information is available regarding the A1166C polymorphism of the angiotensin type 1 receptor gene. In order to investigate(More)