Elena Stephan

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According to politeness theory (P. Brown & S. Levinson, 1987), politeness serves to both reflect and regulate social distance. On the basis of this notion and on construal level theory (N. Liberman & Y. Trope, 2008; N. Liberman, Y. Trope, & E. Stephan, 2007), it was predicted that politeness would be related to abstract construal, temporal distance, and(More)
The two transverse polarization components P(T1) and P(T2) of the e(+) from the decay of polarized mu(+) have been measured as a function of the e(+) energy. Their energy averaged values are P(T1)=(6.3+/-7.7+/-3.4) x 10(-3) and P(T2)=(-3.7+/-7.7+/-3.4) x 10(-3). From the energy dependence of P(T1) and P(T2) the decay parameters eta,eta('') and(More)
Psychological causes of social distance were examined from the perspective of Construal Level Theory (CLT; Liberman, Trope, & Stephan, 2007), which predicts that temporal distance from and abstract construal of a social target would create perception of social distance. Our studies demonstrate that expectations for temporally remote (versus proximal) social(More)
Prospect theory (Kahneman & Tversky, 1979, 1984) suggests that when people are presented with objective probabilities they (a) underweight high probabilities (e.g., behave as if 99% likelihood of an event is lower than 99%), (b) overweight low probabilities, and (c) are relatively insensitive to differences among moderate probabilities. We hypothesized that(More)
In light of its role in maintaining psychological equanimity, we proposed that nostalgia--a self-relevant, social, and predominantly positive emotion--regulates avoidance and approach motivation. We advanced a model in which (a) avoidance motivation triggers nostalgia and (b) nostalgia, in turn, increases approach motivation. As a result, nostalgia(More)
Nostalgia is a frequently experienced complex emotion, understood by laypersons in the United Kingdom and United States of America to (a) refer prototypically to fond, self-relevant, social memories and (b) be more pleasant (e.g., happy, warm) than unpleasant (e.g., sad, regretful). This research examined whether people across cultures conceive of nostalgia(More)
Six studies examined the nostalgia-inspiration link and its motivational implications. In Study 1, nostalgia proneness was positively associated with inspiration frequency and intensity. In Studies 2 and 3, the recollection of nostalgic (vs. ordinary) experiences increased both general inspiration and specific inspiration to engage in exploratory(More)
St. Kistryn,1,∗ E. Stephan,2 A. Biegun,2 K. Bodek,1 A. Deltuva,3 E. Epelbaum,4 K. Ermisch,5 W. Glöckle,6 J. Golak,1 N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki,5 H. Kamada,7 M. Kiš,5 B. Kłos,2 A. Kozela,8 J. Kuroś-Żołnierczuk,1,† M. Mahjour-Shafiei,5,‡ U.-G. Meißner,9,10 A. Micherdzińska,2,§ A. Nogga,10 P. U. Sauer,11 R. Skibiński,1 R. Sworst,1 H. Witała,1 J. Zejma,1 and W.(More)
Properties of the cold-neutron beam at the FUNSPIN facility of the SINQ neutron source of the Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland were investigated. The measured flux density F 1⁄4 ð2:46 0:04Þ 10 1⁄2cm smA ; the wavelength averaged mean polarization around the beam axis PA 1⁄4 ð95:29 0:04Þ% and the mean polarization over the full beam(More)
The transverse polarization of electrons emitted in the beta decay of polarized 8Li nuclei has been measured. For the time-reversal violating triple correlation parameter we find R=(0.9+/-2.2)x10(-3). This result is in agreement with the standard model and yields improved constraints on exotic tensor contributions to the weak interaction. Combined with(More)