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1. The effects of exogenous ATP or adenosine on end-plate currents (e.p.cs; evoked by simultaneous action of a few hundred quanta of ACh) or on miniature e.p.cs (m.e.p.cs) were studied under voltage clamp conditions on frog sartorius muscle fibres. 2. ATP or adenosine (100 microM(-1) mM) reduced the e.p.c. amplitude but did not affect m.e.p.c. amplitude,(More)
The mechanism responsible for the blocking action of mecamylamine on neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) was studied on rat isolated chromaffin cells recorded under whole-cell patch clamp. Mecamylamine strongly depressed (IC(50) = 0.34 microM) inward currents elicited by short pulses of nicotine, an effect slowly reversible on wash. The(More)
Corelease of ATP with ACh from motor endings suggests a physiological role for ATP in synaptic transmission. We previously showed that, on skeletal muscle, ATP directly inhibited ACh release via presynaptic P2 receptors. The receptor identification (P2X or P2Y) and its transduction mechanism remained, however, unknown. In the present study using the(More)
Neuronal nicotinic ACh receptors (nAChRs) readily desensitize in the presence of an agonist. However, when the agonist is applied for minutes, hours or days, it is unclear how extensive desensitization is, how long it persists after agonist removal and whether nAChRs consequently change their pharmacological properties. These issues were explored with(More)
Using whole-cell patch-clamp recording and intracellular Ca(2+) imaging of rat cultured DRG neurons, we studied the cross talk between GABA(A) and P2X receptors. A rapidly fading current was the main response to ATP, whereas GABA elicited slowly desensitizing inward currents. Coapplication of these agonists produced a total current much smaller than the(More)
The function of ATP-activated P2X3 receptors involved in pain sensation is modulated by desensitization, a phenomenon poorly understood. The present study used patch-clamp recording from cultured rat or mouse sensory neurons and kinetic modeling to clarify the properties of P2X3 receptor desensitization. Two types of desensitization were observed, a fast(More)
The mechanisms through which changes in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) might influence desensitization of neuronal nicotinic receptors (nAChRs) of rat chromaffin cells were investigated by simultaneous patch-clamp recording of membrane currents and confocal microscopy imaging of [Ca2+]i induced by nicotine. Increases in [Ca2+]i that were induced(More)
1. Fast-desensitizing P2X(3) receptors of nociceptive dorsol root ganglion (DRG) neurons are thought to mediate pain sensation. Since P2X(3) receptor efficiency is powerfully modulated by desensitization, its underlying properties were studied with patch-clamp recording. 2. On rat cultured DRG neurons, 2 s application of ATP (EC(50)=1.52 microm), ADP(More)
1. One classical example of how neuropeptides can affect the function of ligand-gated receptors is the modulation of neuronal nicotinic receptors (nAChRs) by substance P. The present review updates current understanding of this action by substance P and compares it with other neuropeptides more recently found to modulate nAChRs in the autonomic nervous(More)
1. The possible role of intracellular Ca2+ levels ([Ca2+]i) in desensitization of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) was investigated in rat cultured chromaffin cells by use of combined whole-cell patch clamping and confocal laser scanning microscopy with the fluorescent dye fluo-3. 2. On cells held at -70 mV, pressure-application of nicotine(More)