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— The Binary Offset Carrier (BOC) modulation which has been proposed for future Galileo and GPS M-code signals, provides a higher spectral separation from BPSK-modulated signals, such as GPS C/A code. The absolute value of the auto-correlation function of a BOC signal has a narrower main lobe, which may increase the resolution of delay estimates, but also(More)
The acquisition of code phase and frequency shift is a prerequisite for any Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) system. One important step in the acquisition process is the choice of a suitable decision variable and of an appropriate threshold, which will determine the probabilities of detection and false alarm. In serial-search strategies and in many(More)
In mobile positioning, it is very important to estimate correctly the delay between the transmitter and the receiver. When the receiver is in line-of-sight (LOS) condition with the transmitter, the computation of the mobile position in two dimensions becomes straightforward. In this paper, the problem of LOS detection in WCDMA for mobile positioning is(More)
—A Bayesian method for dynamical off-line estimation of the position and path loss model parameters of a WLAN access point is presented. Two versions of three different on-line positioning methods are tested using real data. The tests show that the methods that use the estimated path loss parameter distributions with finite precisions outperform the methods(More)
—Accurate detection and estimation of overlapping fading multipath components is vital for many communication systems, particularly for positioning technologies. Traditional approaches used for channel estimation generally fail in estimating closely-spaced multipath components in code-division multiple access (CDMA) systems. Here, we present a highly(More)
In positioning applications, where the line of sight (LOS) is needed with high accuracy, the accurate delay estimation is an important task. The new satellite-based positioning systems, such as Galileo and modernized GPS, will use a new modulation type, that is, the binary offset carrier (BOC) modulation. This type of modulation creates multiple peaks(More)
—Delay estimation in direct sequence CDMA (DS-CDMA) systems is necessary for accurate code synchronization and for applications such as mobile phone positioning. Multipath propagation is among the main sources of error in the DS-CDMA delay estimation process, together with multiple access interference and Non Line-Of-Sight (NLOS) propagation. This paper(More)