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The degradation of 2-chlorophenol and of the two azo dyes acid orange 8 and acid red 1 in aqueous solution was investigated kinetically under sonolysis at 20 kHz and under photocatalysis in the presence of titanium dioxide particles, as well as under simultaneous sonolysis and photocatalysis, i.e. sonophotocatalysis. The influence on the degradation and(More)
The effects of gold nanoparticles deposited on titanium dioxide on the photocatalytic oxidative degradation of two organic substrates, i.e. formic acid and the azo dye Acid Red 1, and on the parallel O(2) reduction yielding hydrogen peroxide have been investigated under visible light irradiation. The method employed to reduce Au(iii) to metallic gold in the(More)
The beneficial effect of a TiO2-based photocatalytic treatment on the indoor air purification of a swine farm has been evaluated in a trial performed in two identical mechanically ventilated traditional weaning units, with 391 animals lodged in each of them. One unit was used as reference, whereas the walls of the second unit (260 m2) were coated with ca.(More)
The degradation of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) in water was kinetically investigated in a O(2)/Ar 80:20 atmosphere employing either sonolysis at 20 kHz, or photocatalysis on TiO(2) (with 315 nm< lambda(irr) <400 nm), or simultaneous sonolysis and photocatalysis (i.e. sonophotocatalysis), as degradation techniques. In all investigated conditions, MTBE(More)
The rate of 1,4-dichlorobenzene (1,4-DCB) degradation and mineralization in the aqueous phase was investigated either under direct photolysis or photocatalysis in the presence of commercial or sol-gel synthesized TiO2, or under sonolysis at 20 kHz with different power inputs. Two lamps, both emitting in the 340-400 nm wavelength range with different energy,(More)
Peas in a pod: A highly aligned Au(np)@TiO2 photocatalyst was formed by self-organizing anodization of a Ti substrate followed by dewetting of a gold thin film. This leads to exactly one Au nanoparticle (np) per TiO2 nanocavity. Such arrays are highly efficient photocatalysts for hydrogen generation from ethanol.
The importance of the choice of a suitable substrate as supporting material for photoactive TiO(2), either in the form of powders or thin films or in photoactive paints, is frequently disregarded. In this paper four different supports (stainless steel, sand-blasted stainless steel, Teflon and glass) are object of investigation. The final aim is to verify(More)
The kinetics of 2-chlorophenol (2-CP) degradation and mineralization in the aqueous phase was investigated under irradiation at 254 nm, employing either photocatalysis in the presence of titanium dioxide, or hydrogen peroxide photolysis, to compare the efficiency of these photoinduced advanced oxidation techniques. Photocatalysis under 315-400 nm wavelength(More)
The degradation of 2-chlorophenol in water was kinetically investigated using the following different techniques, employed either separately or simultaneously, always with the same experimental set-up: light irradiation (315-400 nm), sonication, photocatalysis with different types of TiO2, photocatalysis with sonication. The influence of the reaction volume(More)
We report that 1-hydropyridinyl radicals (1-PyH(•)) photogenerated in solution react with dissolved CO2 en route to its 2e(-) reduction into carboxylic acids. The 254 nm excitation of pyridine (Py) in deaerated 2-PrOH/H2O mixtures saturated with 1 atm of CO2 yields a suite of products, among which we identified Na(HCOO)2(-) (m/z(-) = 113), C5H6NCOO(-)(More)