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An understanding of the biological significance of the multiple genetic alterations identified in clinical bladder cancers to the stepwise pathogenesis of the disease is evolving. Alterations in p53 and pRb, products of the chromosomes 17p13 TP53 and 13q14 RB tumor suppressor genes, occur in approximately 50% and approximately 33% of bladder cancers(More)
Gain of 20q has been observed in many cancer types, including bladder cancers. However, the biological significance of low-copy-number 20q gain in human cancer pathogenesis has not yet been defined. We reported that immortalization of human uroepithelial cells (HUC) transformed with human papillomavirus 16 (HPV 16) E7 is associated with single-copy 20q gain(More)
CDKN2/p16 inhibits the cyclin D/cyclin-dependent kinase complexes that phosphorylate pRb, thus blocking cell cycle progression. We previously reported that p16 levels are low to undetectable in normal human uroepithelial cells (HUCs) and in immortalized uroepithelial cells with functional pRb, whereas p16 levels are markedly elevated in immortal HUCs with(More)
Parameters of genome instability and morphological alterations associated with cell transformation were studied in an isogeneic set of clonal human uroepithelial cell (HUC) lines immortalized by the human papilloma virus 16 (HPV16) E6 and/or E7 gene(s). HPV16 E6 binds p53, leading to rapid degradation of p53, whereas E7 binds and alters pRb and other(More)
Breast, bladder, colon, and ovarian carcinomas show frequent low level 20q gain and less frequently high level 20q13.2 amplification, but the significance of these 20q amplifications in transformation has not been defined. Using karyotypic and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analyses, chromosome losses and gains were analysed in six newly(More)
Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is down-regulated during periods of embryological cell migration and may be important in local tumor migration or metastases. Conflicting information exists in the literature about NCAM expression in human glial tumors and little is known about its expression in human brain metastases. We immunohistochemically stained a(More)
Six human glioma cell lines were established from tissues obtained from five patients diagnosed with Kernohan grade IV glioblastoma multiforme and one from a patient with a grade II astrocytoma. One line was from a recurrent patient who had received prior therapy; the other lines were derived from patients at initial diagnosis and/or before cytoreductive(More)
897,.9 The work is devoted to an application of artificial neural network (multilayer perceptron) and conditional stochastic simulations to electricity load forecasting in Russia. One of the problems is missing data and some important weather parameters (wind, cloudiness, precipitation, historical information). This gives rise to rather large forecasting(More)
During the last decades, Russia has developed regulations applying to the territories affected by radioactive contamination. Some regulatory approaches appear to be quite ineffective and contradictory. This paper shows by means of examples the problems and issues associated with some existing situations. A better way for the future is indicated.
CDKN2/pl6 inhibits the cyclin D/cyclin-dependent kinase complexes that phosphorylate pRb, thus blocking cell cycle progression. We previ ously reported that pl6 levels are low to undetectable in normal human uroepithelial cells (III (si and in immortalized uroepithelial cells with functional pRb, whereas pl6 levels are markedly elevated in immortal HUCs(More)
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