Elena Santagostino

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HIV type 1 (HIV-1) not only directly kills infected CD4(+) T cells but also induces immunosuppression of uninfected T cells. Two immunosuppressive proteins, interferon alpha (IFNalpha) and extracellular Tat, mediate this process because specific antibodies against these proteins prevent generation of suppressor cells in HIV-1-infected peripheral blood(More)
Congenital afibrinogenemia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the complete absence of plasma fibrinogen and by a bleeding tendency ranging from mild to moderately severe. Beside a deletion of the almost entire Aalpha-chain gene, only 2 missense mutations in the C-terminal domain of the Bbeta-chain have been very recently described as(More)
Factor V (FV) deficiency is a rare bleeding disorder whose genetic basis has been described in a relatively small number of cases. Among a total of 12 genetic defects reported in severely or moderately severe deficient patients, 3 were missense mutations and in no case was the mechanism underlying the deficiency explored at the molecular level. In this(More)
Severe factor V (FV) deficiency is a rare bleeding disorder, whose genetic bases have been characterized only in a limited number of cases. We investigated 6 unrelated patients with extremely reduced plasma FV levels, associated with a bleeding tendency ranging from moderately severe to severe. Clinical manifestations were substantially concordant with the(More)
Melanocortins are proopiomelanocortin-derived peptides that include adrenocorticotropic hormone [ACTH (1-39)], alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone [alpha-MSH (1-13)], and related amino acid sequences. Melanocortin peptides have potent antiinflammatory/anticytokine activity. Because cytokines such as interleukin 1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) can(More)
Despite advances in the management of HIV infection with the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy, it is well known that HIV can directly infect the central nervous system and, as a result of such infection, neuropsychological impairments can be manifested. In this study, we tried to determine whether seropositivity was associated with a poor(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals with severe hemophilia A have reduced blood levels of clotting factor VIII (FVIII) leading to recurrent bleeding into joints and muscles. Primary prophylaxis with clotting factor concentrates started early in childhood prevents joint bleeds, thus avoiding joint damage and improving people's quality of life. There remain significant(More)
Haemophilia and its treatment interfere with patients' life, so health-related quality of life (HRQoL) should be assessed when evaluating treatments. This study investigated the HRQoL of patients with haemophilia A treated prophylactically with a new recombinant factor VIII. Two phase 3 trials investigated turoctocog alfa in patients with severe haemophilia(More)
INTRODUCTION rIX-FP is a coagulation factor IX (recombinant), albumin fusion protein with more than fivefold half-life prolongation over other standard factor IX (FIX) products available on the market. AIM This prospective phase II, open-label study evaluated the safety and efficacy of rIX-FP for the prevention of bleeding episodes during weekly(More)
Elderly patients with hemophilia have to face new challenges linked to concomitant pathologies and concurrent use of different treatments. In order to promote optimal care in the elderly hemophilia population, this study is aimed to analyze treatment compliance in relation to the presence of comorbidities and the role of potential determinants that can(More)