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BACKGROUND Knowledge about the distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes in invasive cervical cancer is crucial to guide the introduction of prophylactic vaccines. We aimed to provide novel and comprehensive data about the worldwide genotype distribution in patients with invasive cervical cancer. METHODS Paraffin-embedded samples of(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a large international study to estimate fractions of head and neck cancers (HNCs) attributable to human papillomavirus (HPV-AFs) using six HPV-related biomarkers of viral detection, transcription, and cellular transformation. METHODS Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded cancer tissues of the oral cavity (OC), pharynx, and larynx were(More)
BACKGROUND Human papillomavirus (HPV) contribution in vulvar intraepithelial lesions (VIN) and invasive vulvar cancer (IVC) is not clearly established. This study provides novel data on HPV markers in a large series of VIN and IVC lesions. METHODS Histologically confirmed VIN and IVC from 39 countries were assembled at the Catalan Institute of Oncology(More)
Knowledge about human papillomaviruses (HPV) types involved in anal cancers in some world regions is scanty. Here, we describe the HPV DNA prevalence and type distribution in a series of invasive anal cancers and anal intraepithelial neoplasias (AIN) grades 2/3 from 24 countries. We analyzed 43 AIN 2/3 cases and 496 anal cancers diagnosed from 1986 to 2011.(More)
Cervical carcinoma is the most common malignant tumor among woman in Paraguay. Cytological screening programs have not been successful and a plan for human papillomavirus (HPV) based-screening program and/or vaccination is under evaluation. This study aimed to identify the contribution of HPV genotypes in invasive cervical cancer in Paraguay to provide(More)
Contribution over time of human papillomavirus (HPV) types in human cancers has been poorly documented. Such data is fundamental to measure current HPV vaccines impact in the years to come. We estimated the HPV type-specific distribution in a large international series of invasive cervical cancer (ICC) over 70 years prior to vaccination. Paraffin embedded(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been reported in 12-82% of penile squamous cell carcinomas (SCC). There is an association of the virus with basaloid and warty carcinomas but the reported prevalence is variable. The causes of these variations are not clear. They may be owing to geographic differences, the use of different techniques to detect HPV, the status(More)
BACKGROUND One third to one half of penile squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) are related to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Viral detection is usually carried out by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or other molecular methods. In this study, we evaluated p16(INK)⁴(a) immunohistochemical expression, which is simpler and less costly, as a potential marker(More)
Background: Antimicrobial resistance is one of the main obstacles for an effective eradication of H. pylori infection. Aim: To determine the susceptibility of H. pylori strains obtained from gastric biopsies to metronidazole, clarithromycin and amoxicillin. Material and methods: Susceptibility to metronidazole, clarithromycin and amoxicillin was determined(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic tissue damage induced by Helicobacter pylori (HP)-driven inflammation is considered the main risk of gastric carcinoma (GC). Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) infection has also been associated with GC. In this study, we aim to address the role of EBV in inflammatory GC precursor lesions and its added risk to HP infection. METHODS Antibodies(More)