Elena S Kovaleva

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In schizophrenic patients, the course of lipid peroxidation (LP) was investigated as indicated by pentane contents in the expired air (gas chromatography) during a course of psychotropic drug therapy. In 80% of the patients LP was activated before the therapy and reduced in its course with the levels in remission comparable to those characteristic of(More)
Aminopeptidase-like activities in crude whole body extracts of the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans and the plant parasitic soybean cyst nematode Heterodera glycines were examined. General characteristics including pH optima, heat lability, and inactivation of enzyme by organic solvent were the same for the two species. All developmental stages(More)
Material antigenically related to the neuromodulatory peptide FMRFamide was detected and examined in preparations of the soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera glycines, and in the free-living nematodes Caenorhabditis elegans and Panagrellus redivivus. FMRFamide-related peptides were quantified by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Specific activities were(More)
Neural membrane fractions, prepared from brain-subesophageal ganglion complexes of the adult lepidopteran Lymantria dispar, contain at least two peptidases capable of metabolizing locust adipokinetic hormone-I in vitro. The initial fragments, pGlu1-Leu2-Asn3 and Phe4-Thr5-Pro6-Asn7-Trp8-Gly9-Thr10, result from the action of an endopeptidase with properties(More)
Proprotein convertases (PCs) are evolutionarily conserved enzymes responsible for processing the precursors of many bioactive peptides in mammals. The invertebrate homologues of PC2 play important roles during development that makes the enzyme a good target for practical applications in pest management. Screening of a plant nematode Heterodera glycines cDNA(More)
The processes of lipid peroxidation were studied in healthy subjects and patients with manic-depressive psychosis and schizophrenia using a non-invasive method based on chromatographic determination of endogenic pentane in the expired air. In patients with circular psychosis pentane concentration in the expired air did not differ from the norm, yet with(More)
One approach to the development of control strategies for nematodes is the disruption of hatching. In some species, a cation-mediated change in eggshell permeability is an early indicator of hatching [1]. Additionally, numerous studies have indicated involvement in hatching of enzymes, particularly metalloenzymes. For example, the microbivorous nematode(More)
Previous studies have indicated that inorganic and organic cations can markedly affect parameters of the function of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor ionophore complex. As these effects may involve modulation of agonist binding, the purpose of our study was to investigate the stimulatory effect of mono- and divalent cations on binding properties of(More)
The family of FMRFamide-related peptides (FaRPs) is widely distributed among invertebrates, where the peptides serve as neuromodulators. Published reports indicate that numerous FaRP sequences exist in free-living and animal parasitic nematodes. Using a FMRFamide ELISA, FaRP immunoreactivity was detected in extracts of the soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera(More)
Using gas chromatography the authors have studied the time course of lipid peroxidation (LPO) in patients with manic depressive psychosis (a depressive phase) during a course of antidepressive therapy. The results indicate that the levels of LPO in young patients (up to 30 years) with a disease standing of up to 5 years are significantly higher than in(More)