Elena S. Antonova

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UNLABELLED Prior to the epidemic that emerged in Haiti in October of 2010, cholera had not been documented in this country. After its introduction, a strain of Vibrio cholerae O1 spread rapidly throughout Haiti, where it caused over 600,000 cases of disease and >7,500 deaths in the first two years of the epidemic. We applied whole-genome sequencing to a(More)
Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera and a natural inhabitant of aquatic environments, regulates numerous behaviors using a quorum-sensing (QS) system conserved among many members of the marine genus Vibrio. The Vibrio QS response is mediated by two extracellular autoinducer (AI) molecules: CAI-I, which is produced only by Vibrios, and AI-2,(More)
Competence for genetic transformation in Vibrio cholerae is triggered by chitin-induced transcription factor TfoX and quorum sensing (QS) regulator HapR. Transformation requires expression of ComEA, described as a DNA receptor in other competent bacteria. A screen for mutants that poorly expressed a comEA-luciferase fusion identified cytR, encoding the(More)
UNLABELLED Cell density-dependent regulation of gene expression in Xylella fastidiosa that is crucial to its switching between plant hosts and insect vectors is dependent on RpfF and its production of 2-enoic acids known as diffusible signal factor (DSF). We show that X. fastidiosa produces a particularly large variety of similar, relatively(More)
Many Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria can become naturally competent to take up extracellular DNA from the environment via a dedicated uptake apparatus. The genetic material that is acquired can (i) be used for nutrients, (ii) aid in genome repair, and (iii) promote horizontal gene transfer when incorporated onto the genome by homologous(More)
Pierce's disease (PD) is a deadly disease of grapevines caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Xylella fastidiosa. Though disease symptoms were formerly attributed to bacteria blocking the plant xylem, this hypothesis is at best overly simplistic. Recently, we used a proteomic approach to characterize the secretome of X. fastidiosa, both in vitro and in(More)
The experiments reported here demonstrated that prophylactic use of trecrezan delayed the development of atherosclerosis in rabbits, with decreases in aortic atherosclerotic plaques and reductions in cholesterol, triacylglycerols, and β-lipoprotein levels in serum, liver, and aortic tissue. Trecrezan accelerated the synthesis of tryptophanyl tRNA(More)