Elena Rosini

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Semisynthetic cephalosporins are synthesized from 7-amino cephalosporanic acid, which is produced by chemical deacylation or by a two-step enzymatic process of the natural antibiotic cephalosporin C. The known acylases take glutaryl-7-amino cephalosporanic acid as a primary substrate, and their specificity and activity are too low for cephalosporin C.(More)
Glycine oxidase from Bacillus subtilis is a homotetrameric flavoprotein of great potential biotechnological use because it catalyzes the oxidative deamination of various amines and d-isomer of amino acids to yield the corresponding alpha-keto acids, ammonia/amine, and hydrogen peroxide. Glyphosate (N-phosphonomethylglycine), a broad spectrum herbicide, is(More)
The reactions of several mutants at position 244 and 261 of bacterial glycine oxidase (GO) were studied by stopped-flow and steady-state kinetic methods. Substituting H244 with phenylalanine, glutamate, and glutamine and M261 with histidine and tyrosine did not affect the expression of GO and the physicochemical properties of bound FAD. All the H244 and(More)
The crystal structure of the wild-type form of glutaryl-7-ACA (7-aminocephalosporanic acid) acylase from Pseudomonas N176 and a double mutant of the protein (H57βS/H70βS) that displays enhanced catalytic efficiency on cephalosporin C over glutaryl-7-aminocephalosporanic acid has been determined. The structures show a heterodimer made up of an α-chain (229(More)
The presence of D-amino acids in foods is promoted by harsh technological processes (e.g., high temperature or extreme pH values) or can be the consequence of adulteration or microbial contamination (D-amino acids are major components of the bacterial cell wall). For this reason, quality control is becoming more and more important both for the industry (as(More)
Histamine is present to various degrees in many foods, and concentrations in fish samples are considered a good indicator of freshness and hygienic food quality. Seeking for innovative methods to quantify histamine in foods, we used a synthetic gene designed on the sequence of histamine oxidase from Arthrobacter crystallopoietes (HOD) as the starting point(More)
D-Amino acid oxidase (DAAO) is a biotechnologically relevant enzyme that is used in a variety of applications. DAAO is a flavine adenine dinucleotide-containing flavoenzyme that catalyzes the oxidative deamination of D-isomer of uncharged aliphatic, aromatic, and polar amino acids yielding the corresponding imino acid (which hydrolyzes spontaneously to the(More)
Over the years, accumulating evidence has indicated that D-serine represents the endogenous ligand for the glycine modulatory binding site on the NR1 subunit of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors in various brain areas. Cellular concentrations of D-serine are regulated by synthesis due to the enzyme serine racemase (isomerization reaction) and by degradation(More)
Recent research on the flavoenzyme D-amino acid oxidase from Rhodotorula gracilis (RgDAAO) has revealed new, intriguing properties of this catalyst and offers novel biotechnological applications. Among them, the reaction of RgDAAO has been exploited in the analytical determination of the D-amino acid content in biological samples. However, because the(More)
Cephalosporins currently constitute the most widely prescribed class of antibiotics and are used to treat diseases caused by both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Cephalosporins contain a 7-aminocephalosporanic acid (7-ACA) nucleus which is derived from cephalosporin C (CephC). The 7-ACA nucleus is not sufficiently potent for clinical use; however,(More)