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It is still uncertain which, if any, immunologic parameters may help diagnose a renal flare of lupus nephritis. Anti-C1q antibody (Ab) titers have been elevated in patients with lupus with renal involvement, but little information is available on whether the titers are different in quiescent and active phases of lupus nephritis. In this study, we compared(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the in vitro ability of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) to bind human trophoblast cells and to affect gonadotropin secretion and invasiveness. METHODS Antiphospholipid antibody IgG from women with recurrent miscarriages, beta2-glycoprotein I (beta2GPI)-independent IgG aPL human monoclonal antibody (mAb) (519), and IgM(More)
Antiphospholipid antibodies (Abs) are associated with thrombosis and are a risk factor for recurrent pregnancy loss and obstetric complications in patients with the antiphospholipid syndrome. It is generally accepted that the major autoantigen for aPL Abs is beta (2) glycoprotein I, which mediates the binding of aPL Abs to target cells (i.e., endothelial(More)
Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) are both diagnostic markers for, and pathogenic drivers of, antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Although the presence of aPL is a necessary pre-condition, APS-associated clotting is seemingly triggered by an additional 'second hit', frequently related to innate inflammatory immune responses. β(2) glycoprotein I(More)
OBJECTIVE Fibroblasts play a major role in the development of systemic sclerosis (SSc), and the occurrence of serum autoantibodies reacting with fibroblast plasma membrane antigens in SSc has been reported. This study was undertaken to investigate whether IgG from SSc sera that react with human fibroblasts modulates the fibroblasts' function. METHODS Sera(More)
OBJECTIVE Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) plays a role in blastocyst implantation and is down-regulated in preeclampsia and in hypertensive pregnancy disorders associated with defective extravillous trophoblast invasion. Defective placentation and severe preeclampsia are also features of the antiphospholipid syndrome(More)
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by the persistent presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) and recurrent thrombosis or fetal loss. The thrombophilic state has been partially related to the induction of a proinflammatory and procoagulant endothelial cell (EC) phenotype induced by anti-beta(2)-glycoprotein I(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the ability of statins, the inhibitors of the hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase enzyme, to affect endothelial cell activation induced by anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (anti-beta2GPI) antibodies in vitro. METHODS Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) activation was evaluated as U937 monocyte adhesion, E-selectin, and(More)
OBJECTIVE A study was undertaken to investigate the in vivo pathogenic role of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) in the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) by studying the thrombogenic antiphospholipid (aPL) activity in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) non-responsive (LPS-/-) mice and the association between tlr4 gene polymorphisms and APS in patients. METHODS IgGs from(More)