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BACKGROUND CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) is a crucial protein for the slit-diaphragm assembly and function. In spite of the fact that CD2AP knockout causes nephrotic syndrome in mice and the heterozygous +/- mouse is prone to proteinuria, little is known about the relevance of this molecule in human renal pathology. METHODS A total of 80 Italian patients(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive nephropathy is characterized at the histologic level by tubular atrophy and interstitial monocyte infiltration. The molecular mechanisms underlying these histologic changes are still poorly defined. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) produced by tubular cells seems to play a pivotal role in the modulation of tubular cell growth, while(More)
T helper type 1 (Th1)-type CD4(+) antitumor T cell help appears critical to the induction and maintenance of antitumor cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses in vivo. In contrast, Th2- or Th3/Tr-type CD4(+) T cell responses may subvert Th1-type cell-mediated immunity, providing a microenvironment conducive to disease progression. We have recently identified(More)
Immunotherapy trials targeting the induction of tumor-reactive T-cell responses in cancer patients appear to hold significant promise. Because nonmutated lineage-specific antigens and mutated idiotypic antigens may be coexpressed by tumor cells, the use of autologous tumor material to promote the broadest range of antitumor T-cell specificities has(More)
BACKGROUND Recipients of organ transplants are susceptible to Kaposi's sarcoma as a result of treatment with immunosuppressive drugs. Sirolimus (rapamycin), an immunosuppressive drug, may also have antitumor effects. METHODS We stopped cyclosporine therapy in 15 kidney-transplant recipients who had biopsy-proven Kaposi's sarcoma and began sirolimus(More)
Mononuclear cell infiltration is a common histopathological feature of acute renal transplant rejection, in which it seems to play a key role in the pathogenesis of tubulointerstitial lesions. Monocyte chemotactic peptide-1 (MCP-1) is a specific chemotactic and activating factor for monocytes. Thus, the present study was aimed at evaluating MCP-1 gene and(More)
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can induce considerable tumor remissions in metastatic renal-cell carcinoma (RCC) patients. The precise effector mechanisms mediating these graft-versus-tumor reactions are unknown. We studied RCC-directed CD8(+) T-cell responses in blood lymphocytes of healthy individuals matched with established RCC cell(More)
Mesangial cell (MC) proliferation, a histopathologic feature common to many human glomerular diseases, is regulated by several growth factors through their binding to specific cell surface receptors. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a peptide exerting a potent mitogenic activity on MC. Recently, an increased expression of both PDGF protein and its(More)
This study was aimed at the search of urinary biomarkers which might help to predict the clinical response of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) patients to angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi). First, we studied the urinary proteome of 18 IgAN patients (toward 20 healthy controls) who had been chronically treated with ACEi by using 2-D PAGE coupled to(More)
Allogeneic cell therapy as a means to break immunotolerance to solid tumors is increasingly used for cancer treatment. To investigate cellular alloimmune responses in a human tumor model, primary cultures were established from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tissues of 56 patients. In three patients with stable RCC line and human leukocyte antigen(More)