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BACKGROUND Obstructive nephropathy is characterized at the histologic level by tubular atrophy and interstitial monocyte infiltration. The molecular mechanisms underlying these histologic changes are still poorly defined. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) produced by tubular cells seems to play a pivotal role in the modulation of tubular cell growth, while(More)
BACKGROUND Recipients of organ transplants are susceptible to Kaposi's sarcoma as a result of treatment with immunosuppressive drugs. Sirolimus (rapamycin), an immunosuppressive drug, may also have antitumor effects. METHODS We stopped cyclosporine therapy in 15 kidney-transplant recipients who had biopsy-proven Kaposi's sarcoma and began sirolimus(More)
Immunotherapy trials targeting the induction of tumor-reactive T-cell responses in cancer patients appear to hold significant promise. Because nonmutated lineage-specific antigens and mutated idiotypic antigens may be coexpressed by tumor cells, the use of autologous tumor material to promote the broadest range of antitumor T-cell specificities has(More)
BACKGROUND CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) is a crucial protein for the slit-diaphragm assembly and function. In spite of the fact that CD2AP knockout causes nephrotic syndrome in mice and the heterozygous +/- mouse is prone to proteinuria, little is known about the relevance of this molecule in human renal pathology. METHODS A total of 80 Italian patients(More)
BACKGROUND Saliva is one of the most promising and easy-to-collect source of potential biomarkers of oral and systemic disease. We standardized a protocol suitable for pre-analytical treatment and for the analysis of whole normal saliva by surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF/MS). METHODS We evaluated(More)
High glucose concentration has been shown to induce the overexpression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 mRNA and protein in different cell types, including murine mesangial cells, thus possibly accounting for the expansion of mesangial extracellular matrix observed in diabetic glomerulopathy. In the present study, we evaluated platelet-derived(More)
We have evaluated CD8+ and CD4+ T-cell responses against a new tumor-associated antigen, the receptor tyrosine kinase EphA2, which is broadly expressed in diverse cancer histologies and is frequently overexpressed in advanced stage/metastatic disease. We report herein that EphA2 is overexpressed in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines and clinical(More)
We studied the expression of PDGF-alpha and -beta receptors in 10 normal and 40 pathologic human kidneys (five minimal change disease, five membranous nephropathy, 25 IgA nephropathy, five lupus nephritis), by both immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization techniques. In normal-appearing kidneys, both PDGF-alpha and -beta receptors were expressed at(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II (Ang II) has been shown to be implicated in the development of renal fibrosis in several forms of chronic glomerulonephritides, but the precise mechanisms of its effects remain unclear. It has recently been reported that Ang II stimulates the expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in several cell lines. PAI-1 is a(More)