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5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) introduction in the surgical management of Glioblastoma (GBM) enables the intra-operatively identification of cancer cells in the mass by means of fluorescence. Here, we analyzed the phenotype of GBM cells isolated from distinct tumour areas determined by 5-ALA (tumour core, 5-ALA intense and vague layers) and the potency of(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are highly proliferative tumors currently treated by surgical removal, followed by radiotherapy and chemotherapy, which are counteracted by intratumoral hypoxia. Here we exploited image guided surgery to sample multiple intratumoral areas to define potential cellular heterogeneity in correlation to the oxygen tension gradient(More)
The molecular determinants of malignant cell behaviours in breast cancer remain only partially understood. Here we show that SHARP1 (also known as BHLHE41 or DEC2) is a crucial regulator of the invasive and metastatic phenotype in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), one of the most aggressive types of breast cancer. SHARP1 is regulated by the p63(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common brain tumour, characterized by a central and partially necrotic (i.e., hypoxic) core enriched in cancer stem cells (CSCs). We previously showed that the most hypoxic and immature (i.e., CSCs) GBM cells were resistant to Temozolomide (TMZ) in vitro, owing to a particularly high expression of(More)
Medulloblastoma (MDB) is the most common brain malignancy of childhood. It is currently thought that MDB arises from aberrantly functioning stem cells in the cerebellum that fail to maintain proper control of self-renewal. Additionally, it has been reported that MDB cells display higher endogenous Notch signaling activation, known to promote the survival(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are highly proliferative brain tumors characterized by a hypoxic microenvironment which controls GBM stem cell maintenance. Tumor hypoxia promotes also elevated glycolytic rate; thus, limiting glucose metabolism is a potential approach to inhibit tumor growth. Here we investigate the effects mediated by 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG), a(More)
One of the biggest challenges in tumour research is the possibility to reprogram cancer cells towards less aggressive phenotypes. In this study, we reprogrammed primary Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM)-derived cells towards a more differentiated and less oncogenic phenotype by activating the Wnt pathway in a hypoxic microenvironment. Hypoxia usually correlates(More)
It has been recently suggested that many types of cancer, including glioblastoma (GBM), contain functionally subsets of cells with stem-like properties named "cancer stem cells" (CSCs). These are characterized by chemotherapy resistance and considered one of the key determinants driving tumor relapse. Many studies demonstrated that Glioma stem cells (GSCs)(More)
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma, one of the worst malignancies of the exocrine pancreas, is a solid tumor with increasing incidence and mortality in industrialized countries. This condition is usually driven by oncogenic KRAS point mutations and evolves into a highly aggressive metastatic carcinoma due to secondary gene mutations and unbalanced expression of(More)
Tumors arising in the central nervous system are thought to originate from a sub-population of cells named cancer stem cells (CSCs) or tumor initiating cells (TICs) that possess an immature phenotype, combined with self-renewal and chemotherapy resistance capacity. Moreover, in the last years, these cells have been identified in particular brain tumor(More)