Elena Rampazzo

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Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common brain tumour, characterized by a central and partially necrotic (i.e., hypoxic) core enriched in cancer stem cells (CSCs). We previously showed that the most hypoxic and immature (i.e., CSCs) GBM cells were resistant to Temozolomide (TMZ) in vitro, owing to a particularly high expression of(More)
It has been recently suggested that many types of cancer, including glioblastoma (GBM), contain functionally subsets of cells with stem-like properties named "cancer stem cells" (CSCs). These are characterized by chemotherapy resistance and considered one of the key determinants driving tumor relapse. Many studies demonstrated that Glioma stem cells (GSCs)(More)
The molecular determinants of malignant cell behaviours in breast cancer remain only partially understood. Here we show that SHARP1 (also known as BHLHE41 or DEC2) is a crucial regulator of the invasive and metastatic phenotype in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), one of the most aggressive types of breast cancer. SHARP1 is regulated by the p63(More)
One of the biggest challenges in tumour research is the possibility to reprogram cancer cells towards less aggressive phenotypes. In this study, we reprogrammed primary Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM)-derived cells towards a more differentiated and less oncogenic phenotype by activating the Wnt pathway in a hypoxic microenvironment. Hypoxia usually correlates(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are highly proliferative brain tumors characterized by a hypoxic microenvironment which controls GBM stem cell maintenance. Tumor hypoxia promotes also elevated glycolytic rate; thus, limiting glucose metabolism is a potential approach to inhibit tumor growth. Here we investigate the effects mediated by 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG), a(More)
Tumors arising in the central nervous system are thought to originate from a sub-population of cells named cancer stem cells (CSCs) or tumor initiating cells (TICs) that possess an immature phenotype, combined with self-renewal and chemotherapy resistance capacity. Moreover, in the last years, these cells have been identified in particular brain tumor(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are highly proliferative tumors currently treated by surgical removal, followed by radiotherapy and chemotherapy, which are counteracted by intratumoral hypoxia. Here we exploited image guided surgery to sample multiple intratumoral areas to define potential cellular heterogeneity in correlation to the oxygen tension gradient(More)
This unit describes a protocol for the surgical collection, isolation, and expansion of regionally defined human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM)-derived cells. Given the important role played by microenvironmental hypoxia in defining cell phenotype and molecular signaling activation, it is important to distinguish between tumor tissues that were originally(More)
In the original publication, the statement in the last two sentences of the 2nd paragraph in the Discussion section should have read as follows: ‘‘In a recent study, it has been suggested that 5-ALA does not affect the isolation and propagation of GBM initiating cells [28]. However, in our opinion, although authors compared stem cell features of 5-ALA and(More)
In the last years, we have seen the emergence of different tools that have changed the face of biology from a simple modeling level to a more systematic science. The transparent zebrafish embryo is one of the living models in which, after germline transformation with reporter protein-coding genes, specific fluorescent cell populations can be followed at(More)