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OBJECTIVE To assess the growth curves of uninfected infants born to type 1 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) seropositive mothers by means of standardised anthropometric indices. METHODS The z scores (National Center for Health Statistics-World Health Organization data) of weight for age, length for age, and weight for length of 92 uninfected full term(More)
The serotonin toxicity (ST) is a potentially life-threatening adverse drug reaction results from therapeutic drug use, intentional self-poisoning, or inadvertent interactions between drugs. ST can be caused by a single or a combination of drugs with serotonergic activity due to excessive serotonergic agonism on central nervous system and peripheral(More)
The role of allergic sensitization in chronic sinusitis in childhood is currently unclear, as contrasting results were reported in the studies thus far available. In fact, some surveys found prevalence of atopy up to 60% in subjects with chronic sinusitis, while other failed to confirm any association between the two conditions. The data we obtained in a(More)
More than 250 Providencia strains isolated from the urine of institutionalized elderly patients were tested against cefaclor, cefuroxime, cefetamet, cefpodoxime, ciprofloxacin, and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. Our results confirm the strong activities of expanded-spectrum oral cephalosporins against Providencia isolates, f1p4ell as the marked differences in(More)
The pathogenesis of rhinosinusitis (RS) is related to inflammation, caused by infections in the acute form of the disease but also by other agents in the chronic forms. Cytology allows to evaluate the defensive components, such as hair cells and muciparous cells, while the presence in the nasal mucosa of eosinophils, mast cells, bacteria and/or fungal(More)
BACKGROUND The role of allergic sensitization in chronic sinusitis in childhood is currently unclear, as contrasting results were reported in the studies thus far available. OBJECTIVE We evaluated by a cross-sectional study the prevalence of sensitization to common inhalant allergens in children with chronic sinusitis. METHODS Among 2200 children(More)
The treatment of rhinosinusitis in children is mostly medical. Surgery is indicated in few but important exceptions: orbital or intracranial complications of acute rhinosinusitis not responding to medical therapy, chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with persisting sinonasal infection and purulent discharge, cystic fibrosis, ciliary diskinesia, dacryocystitis due(More)
Because of its anatomic and functional connections, middle ear disorders frequently occur in sinusitis. Its prevalence, however, is likely to be underestimated. We evaluated the prevalence of Eustachian tube dysfunction in children with chronic sinusitis, in a large group of patients with chronic respiratory symptoms and its possible relationship with(More)
The inhibitory activity of cefpirome (HR 810), a new cephalosporin derivative for parenteral use, was tested by agar dilution methods against Enterococcus faecalis (100 strains), Staphylococcus aureus (40 strains) and coagulase-negative staphylococcal species (60 strains) in comparison with other beta-lactam antibiotics. For E. faecalis, the cefpirome(More)
OBJECTIVE Due to its anatomical and functional connections, middle ear disorders frequently occur in sinusitis. Its prevalence, however, is likely to be underestimated. We evaluated the prevalence of middle ear dysfunction, as assessed by tympanometry, in children with chronic sinusitis in a large group of patients with chronic respiratory symptoms, and its(More)
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