Elena Papinutto

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Infection of the stomach mucosa by the gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori is accompanied by a large infiltration of neutrophils and monocytes which are believed to contribute substantially to H. pylori-induced gastritis. A protein was identified (HP-NAP for neutrophil-activating protein from H. pylori) that was capable of increasing the adhesion of(More)
CK2 denotes a pleiotropic, constitutively active protein kinase whose abnormally high level in many cancer cells is held as an example of "non oncogene addiction". A wide spectrum of cell permeable, fairly specific ATP site-directed CK2 inhibitors are currently available which are proving useful to dissect its biological functions and which share the(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a major human pathogen associated with severe gastroduodenal diseases, including ulcers and cancers. An H.pylori protein that is highly immunogenic in humans and mice has been identified recently. This protein has been termed HP-NAP, due to its ability of activating neutrophils. In order to achieve a molecular understanding of its(More)
Bacillus anthracis is currently under intense investigation due to its primary importance as a human pathogen. Particularly important is the development of novel anti-anthrax vaccines, devoid of the current side effects. A novel class of immunogenic bacterial proteins consists of dodecamers homologous to the DNA-binding protein of Escherichia coli (Dps).(More)
5-(3-Chlorophenylamino)benzo[c][2,6]naphthyridine-8-carboxylic acid (CX-4945), the first clinical stage inhibitor of protein kinase CK2 for the treatment of cancer, is representative of a new class of CK2 inhibitors with K(i) values in the low nanomolar range and unprecedented selectivity versus other kinases. Here we present the crystal structure of the(More)
Emodin (1,3,8-trihydroxy-6-methyl-anthraquinone) is a moderately potent and poorly selective inhibitor of protein kinase CK2, one of the most pleiotropic serine/threonine protein kinases, implicated in neoplasia and in other global diseases. By virtual screening of the MMS (Molecular Modeling Section) database, we have now identified quinalizarin(More)
The AhpC protein from H. pylori, a thioredoxin (Trx)-dependent alkyl hydroperoxide-reductase, is a member of the ubiquitous 2-Cys peroxiredoxins family (2-Cys Prxs), a group of thiol-specific antioxidant enzymes. Prxs exert the protective antioxidant role in cells through their peroxidase activity, whereby hydrogen peroxide, peroxynitrite and a wide range(More)
OBJECTIVE Human Lyme arthritis caused by Borrelia burgdorferi is characterized by an inflammatory infiltrate that consists mainly of neutrophils and T cells. This study was undertaken to evaluate the role of the innate and acquired immune responses elicited by the neutrophil-activating protein A (NapA) of B burgdorferi in patients with Lyme arthritis. (More)
CK2 is a Ser/Thr protein kinase essential for cell viability. Its activity is anomalously high in several solid (prostate, mammary gland, lung, kidney and head and neck) and haematological tumours (AML, CML and PML), creating conditions favouring the onset of cancer. Cancer cells become addicted to high levels of CK2 activity and therefore this kinase is a(More)