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BACKGROUND Hypercholesterolemia-induced endothelial dysfunction due to excessive production of reactive oxygen species is a major trigger of atherogenesis. The c-Jun-N-terminal kinases (JNKs) are activated by oxidative stress and play a key role in atherogenesis and inflammation. We investigated whether JNK2 deletion protects from(More)
Myeloproliferative neoplasms are most commonly associated with venous thrombosis. Up to 60% of patients experience a thrombotic event in their lifetimes, including stroke or myocardial infarction. It is unclear whether pathogenetic factors linking essential thrombocythemia (ET) and polycythemia vera (PV) to thrombotic complications do play a role in the(More)
RATIONALE Hyperglycemic memory may explain why intensive glucose control has failed to improve cardiovascular outcomes in patients with diabetes. Indeed, hyperglycemia promotes vascular dysfunction even after glucose normalization. However, the molecular mechanisms of this phenomenon remain to be elucidated. OBJECTIVE The present study investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen species are major determinants of vascular aging. JunD, a member of the activated protein-1 family of transcription factors, is emerging as a major gatekeeper against oxidative stress. However, its contribution to reactive oxygen species homeostasis in the vasculature remains unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Endothelium-dependent(More)
BACKGROUND Symptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. However, data on the association between asymptomatic PHPT and cardiovascular risk are lacking. We assessed coronary flow reserve (CFR) as a marker of coronary microvascular function in asymptomatic PHPT of recent onset. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
BACKGROUND Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) uptake by monocyte-derived macrophages is a crucial step in foam cell formation and early atherosclerotic lesion. Increasing evidence supports the theory that activation of protein kinase Cbeta (PKCbeta) is involved in many mechanisms promoting atherosclerosis. Thus, we investigated whether inhibition of PKCbeta(More)
OBJECTIVE Our study aimed to evaluate the effects of psoriasis (Pso) on coronary microvascular function and whether there is a relationship between disease activity scores and coronary blood flow abnormalities. METHODS 56 young patients (pts) with Pso (42 M, aged 37±3 years) without clinical evidence of cardiovascular diseases, and 56 controls matched for(More)
Nowadays the endothelium is considered a key determinant of vascular health. NO is the principal mediator of all endothelial protective effects, due to its antiinflammatory, antiproliferative, immunomodulatory and vasorelaxant properties. On the contrary, a growing body of evidence suggests that endothelial dysfunction is associated with cardiovascular(More)
Mechanical forces and the activation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) may alter the NO/O2(*-) balance, imparing endothelial nitric oxide (NO) availability. This study investigates the link between RAS and NO/O2(*-) balance in human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC) exposed to pulsatile stretch with and without ACE inhibitor quinaprilat or angiotensin II(More)
BACKGROUND Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) reduces body weight and cardiovascular mortality in morbidly obese patients. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) seems to mediate the metabolic benefits of RYGB partly in a weight loss-independent manner. The present study investigated in rats and patients whether obesity-induced endothelial and high-density(More)