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Autoimmunity is complicated by bone loss. In human rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the most severe inflammatory joint disease, autoantibodies against citrullinated proteins are among the strongest risk factors for bone destruction. We therefore hypothesized that these autoantibodies directly influence bone metabolism. Here, we found a strong and specific(More)
Active rheumatoid arthritis originates from few joints but subsequently affects the majority of joints. Thus far, the pathways of the progression of the disease are largely unknown. As rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASFs) which can be found in RA synovium are key players in joint destruction and are able to migrate in vitro, we evaluated the(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by synovial hyperplasia and progressive joint destruction. Rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASFs) are leading cells in joint erosion and contribute actively to inflammation. RASFs show an activated phenotype that is independent of the inflammatory environment and requires(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoclast-associated receptor (OSCAR) is a newly identified osteoclast-specific receptor and is of key importance in the process of osteoclast costimulation. This study was undertaken to define the role of costimulation in osteoclast differentiation during inflammatory arthritis. METHODS OSCAR expression was assessed in the synovium and(More)
Microtraumata often lead to articular cartilage lesions. Due to the bradytrophic character of hyaline cartilage, these lesions are hardly repaired by the organism. Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) was established for restoring isolated structural cartilage defects in knee joints. However, results are not always convincing. Human chondrocytes from(More)
OBJECTIVES Due to their role in inflammatory metabolic diseases, we hypothesised that free fatty acids (FFA) are also involved in inflammatory joint diseases. To test this hypothesis, we analysed the effect of FFA on synovial fibroblasts (SF), human chondrocytes and endothelial cells. We also investigated whether the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), which can(More)
Human mesenchymal stromal cells derived from bone marrow (BMSC) and adipose tissue (ATSC) represent a valuable source of progenitor cells for cell therapy and tissue engineering. While ectopic bone formation is a standard activity of human BMSC on calcium phosphate ceramics, the bone formation capacity of human ATSC has so far been unclear. The objectives(More)
In order to accommodate individual load, the skeletal system is in a continual state of change. Bone metabolism guarantees optimal bone structure. The osteoblasts are responsible for the synthesis and the osteoclasts for resorption of the bone. A finely adjusted interplay between molecular mechanisms leads, via cytokines, hormones and growth factors, to an(More)
Total knee replacement (TKR) is a common therapeutic option to restore joint functionality in chronic inflammatory joint diseases. Subsequent arthrofibrotic remodeling occurs in 10%, but the underlying pathomechanisms remain unclear. We evaluated the association of xylosyltransferases (XT), fibrotic mediators catalyzing glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis,(More)