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Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistulas are characterized by the egress of CSF from the intracranial cavity through an osteodural disruption between the subarachnoid space and a pneumatized structure within the skull base. Depending on the cause, CSF fistulas are classified as acquired or congenital, and acquired fistulas are further classified as traumatic,(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine whether treated, weight-stabilized adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) present brain volume differences in comparison with healthy controls. METHOD Thirty-five adolescents with weight-recovered AN and 17 healthy controls were assessed by means of psychopathology scales and magnetic resonance imaging.(More)
This article explores the efficacy of virtual environments representing situations that are emotionally significant to patients with eating disorders (ED) to modify depression and anxiety levels both in these patients and in controls. Eighty-five ED patients and 108 students were randomly exposed to five experimental virtual environments (a kitchen with(More)
The aim of this article was to study the effect of virtual-reality exposure to situations that are emotionally significant for patients with eating disorders (ED) on the stability of body-image distortion and body-image dissatisfaction. A total of 85 ED patients and 108 non-ED students were randomly exposed to four experimental virtual environments: a(More)
OBJECTIVE A percentage of bulimic patients do not greatly improve with the usual treatment. Therefore, the objective was to further evaluate cue exposure (CE), in order to attain better results in clinical settings. METHOD Twenty-two adolescent patients who fulfilled DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for bulimia nervosa (mean age 16.7, SD 1.5) and who were(More)
The histological and morphometric features of the aged golden hamster testis were examined and compared with those of adult animals. Three age groups (6, 12 and 18 months) were studied by light microscopy, and testosterone levels were determined. The observations showed a progressive involution of the seminiferous tubules, beginning to be perceptible at 12(More)
PURPOSE To compare patterns of temperament and character and the prevalence of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD) and OCPD traits in parents of children with OCD and parents of healthy controls. METHODS TCI and SCID-II were administered to 63 parents of 32 children with OCD and 63 parents of age- and sex-matched controls with no psychiatric(More)
UNLABELLED The aims of this study were to identify gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) volume abnormalities in pediatric obsessive-compulsive patients, to examine their relationship between these abnormalities and the severity of disorder, and to explore whether they could be explained by the different symptom dimensions. METHODS 62 child and(More)
BACKGROUND The aims of this study were to determine white matter (WM) microstructure abnormalities in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) using diffusion tensor imaging, and to investigate whether these abnormalities differ according to OCD symptom dimensions. METHODS Sixty-three child and adolescent OCD patients (11-18 years old) and 37 healthy subjects(More)
A promising approach in relation to reducing phenotypic heterogeneity involves the identification of homogeneous subtypes of OCD based on age of onset, gender, clinical course and comorbidity. This study aims to assess the sociodemographic characteristics and clinical features of OCD patients in relation to gender and the presence or absence of another(More)