Elena Monterastelli

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OBJECTIVE To identify crucial immunological characteristics of a group of patients, defined 'CD4-exploders', who were able to fully reconstitute their immune system after receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). PATIENTS Among a population of 540 HIV-positive patients treated with HAART, six individuals were identified who experienced a(More)
Apoptosis plays a central role in the homeostasis of the immune system. During aging, there is an altered regulation of pivotal molecules that are responsible for the regulation of this type of cell death, such as those of the Fas/FasL system. Understanding the regulation of these genes can help to clarify, at least in part, the age-related changes that(More)
During aging, the thymus undergoes a marked involution that is responsible for profound changes in the T-cell compartment. To investigate the capacity of the thymus to produce new cells at the limit of human lifespan, we analyzed some basic mechanisms responsible for the renewal and maintenance of peripheral T lymphocytes in 44 centenarians. Thymic(More)
Apoptosis plays a crucial role in immunosenescence, as also evidenced by the increased expression of Fas in lymphocytes from aged people. However, little is known about the genetic regulation of Fas and its ligand, FasL. We have studied their polymorphisms in 50 centenarians and 86 young donors living in Northern Italy. The first Fas polymorphism, at(More)
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