Elena Martini

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BACKGROUND To test whether ovarian stimulation for in-vitro fertilization (IVF) affects oocyte quality and thus chromosome segregation behaviour during meiosis and early embryo development, preimplantation genetic screening of embryos was employed in a prospective, randomized controlled trial, comparing two ovarian stimulation regimens. METHODS Infertile(More)
BACKGROUND In order to assess the frequency of aneuploidy and mosaicism in embryos obtained from IVF patients aged <38 years, preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) was performed after biopsy of two blastomeres. Furthermore, the reliability of this diagnosis was assessed by performing reanalysis of the embryo on day 5. METHOD The copy numbers of 10(More)
The purpose of the study was to analyse the frequency of sex-chromosome numerical abnormalities in human spermatozoa of infertile men by using a standardized experimental protocol of double target in-situ hybridization (ISH). The experiments were performed on decondensed sperm heads from 15 infertile patients (six cases of unexplained infertility and nine(More)
In mouse zygotes, many post-translational histone modifications are asymmetrically present in male and female pronuclei. We investigated whether this principle could be used to determine the genetic composition of monopronuclear human zygotes in conventional IVF and ICSI. First we determined whether male female asymmetry is conserved from mouse to human by(More)
BACKGROUND Chromosomal mosaicism in human embryos may give rise to false positive or false negative results in preimplantation genetic diagnosis for aneuploidy screening (PGD-AS). Therefore, we have investigated whether the results obtained from a 2-cell biopsy of frozen-thawed embryos and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis are(More)
OBJECTIVE Screening for an increased number of chromosomes may improve the detection of abnormal embryos and thus contribute to the capability of preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) to detect the embryo(s) for transfer in IVF with the best chance for a healthy child. Good-quality day 4 and 5 embryos were analyzed after cryopreservation for the nine(More)
The detection of some types of aneuploidy in human spermatozoa can be based on the use of the fluorescence in-situ hybridization technique (FISH). One of the crucial steps for FISH is to achieve a proper decondensation and denaturation of the DNA in the specimen, so as to obtain efficient hybridization results. However, after DNA decondensation the(More)
A brightfield microscopical in-situ hybridization (ISH) technique was applied to semen samples of two 47,XYY males, one 46,XY/47,XXY/XXY male with fertility problems, and two normal 46,XY men, who served as controls. The use of a standardized nuclear DNA decondensation method, together with double-target ISH and morphological staining, allowed an accurate(More)
Serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) concentrations decline with increasing age and constitute a sensitive marker for ovarian ageing. In addition, basal serum AMH concentrations predict ovarian response during IVF cycles. Concomitantly, oocyte quantity and embryo quality decrease with advancing age. Hence, it was postulated that AMH in serum constitutes a(More)
Chromosomal aberrations are the major cause of pre- and post-implantation embryo wastage and some studies suggest that half of all human conception have a chromosomal abnormality. Analysis of gametes provides information on the origin of these chromosomal aberrations. The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable multi-probe fluorescence in-situ(More)