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MCI is a nosological entity proposed as an intermediate state between normal aging and dementia. The syndrome can be divided into two broad subtypes: amnestic MCI (aMCI) characterized by reduced memory, and non-amnestic MCI (naMCI) in which other cognitive functions rather than memory are mostly impaired. aMCI seems to represent an early stage of AD, while(More)
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) represents a heterogeneous group of cognitive disturbances at high risk of dementia. The amnestic subtype (aMCI) might be a prodromal state of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this study is the identification, by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS), of modifications in brain metabolites able to detect subjects(More)
The increase in average life expectancy is resulting in an increasing prevalence of major invalidating illnesses, such as cardiovascular disease and dementia. Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a chronic, progressive disease representing the advanced stage of cardiac illnesses. Cognitive impairment is known to be a frequent feature of CHF patients. The(More)
The proteins cathepsin D, encoded by CTSD gene, and alpha2-macroglobulin, encoded by A2M gene, are involved in the biochemical pathway leading to deposition of beta-amyloid. In these proteins two amino acid polymorphisms (CTSD-Ala/Val C-->T and A2M-Ile/Val A-->G) have been associated with an increased risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD), but conflicting(More)
OBJECTIVES There is a growing consensus worldwide that palliative care needs to be both more inclusive of conditions other than cancer and to improve. This paper explores some common challenges currently faced by professionals providing palliative care for patients with either cancer or dementia across five countries. METHOD One focus group (n=7) and 67(More)
BACKGROUND Palliative care for people with dementia is often sub-optimal. This is partly because of the challenging nature of dementia itself, and partly because of system failings that are particularly salient in primary care and community services. There is a need to systematize palliative care for people with dementia, to clarify where changes in(More)
BACKGROUND Interventions to improve palliative care encounter challenges beyond the usual implementation problems because of palliative care's complex and changing character. In this study, we explored barriers and facilitators faced by health-care professionals in five European countries (England, Germany, Italy, Norway and the Netherlands) with regard to(More)
AIM To determine whether the number of residents' preferences and needs together with the actions taken to satisfy them recorded into their 'life-and-care plans' will increase and the process of shared decision-making will improve the residents' psychosocial well-being. BACKGROUND Shared decision-making is defined as a process where healthcare(More)
BACKGROUND People with dementia can benefit from a palliative care approach. Recommendations, such as those of the EAPC have been proposed to strengthen the provision of palliative care for this group of patients. Yet, it remains challenging for professionals to identify when a person with dementia is in need of palliative care. The objective of this study(More)
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