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Trimethylation of histone H3 at lysine 4 (H3K4me3) is a chromatin modification known to mark the transcription start sites of active genes. Here, we show that H3K4me3 domains that spread more broadly over genes in a given cell type preferentially mark genes that are essential for the identity and function of that cell type. Using the broadest H3K4me3(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Fractionated plasma separation and adsorption (FPSA) is an extracorporeal procedure that supports liver function by removing endogenous toxins that cause complications from acute-on-chronic liver failure (AOCLF). We performed a randomized trial to investigate survival of patients with AOCLF treated with FPSA. METHODS Patients with AOCLF(More)
Chromatin modifiers regulate lifespan in several organisms, raising the question of whether changes in chromatin states in the parental generation could be incompletely reprogrammed in the next generation and thereby affect the lifespan of descendants. The histone H3 lysine 4 trimethylation (H3K4me3) complex, composed of ASH-2, WDR-5 and the histone(More)
Acute renal failure is a sudden and sustained decrease in the glomerular filtration rate associated with a loss of excretory function and the accumulation of metabolic waste products and water. It leads to an increase in serum urea and creatinine, usually with a decrease in urine output. Although routine surveillance of patients by means of laboratory(More)
Metabolism is influenced by age, food intake, and conditions such as diabetes and obesity. How do physiological or pathological metabolic changes influence stem cells, which are crucial for tissue homeostasis? This Commentary reviews recent evidence that stem cells have different metabolic demands than differentiated cells, and that the molecular mechanisms(More)
BACKGROUND Automatic systems for stabilizing blood pressure (BP) during dialysis are few and only control those variables indirectly related to BP. Due to complex BP regulation under dynamic dialysis conditions, BP itself appears to be the most consistent input parameter for a device addressed to preventing dialysis hypotension (DH). METHODS An automatic(More)
Cardiovascular pathology is the major cause of death in uraemia. There is evidence that a chronic inflammation with activation of C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, tumour necrosis factor-alpha and other cytokines is associated with vascular pathology, both in the general population and in dialysis patients. The cardiovascular system, and particularly the(More)
Dialysis induced hypovolemia plays an important role in triggering intradialytic hypotension. The authors developed an automatic system (BVAC) with feedback changes in the ultrafiltration rate (UFR) and dialysate conductivity (DC) to match blood volume (BV) intradialytic profiles with the desired trajectories. The system consists of three subunits: (1) an(More)
BACKGROUND In the USA, the increase in the prevalence of obesity in the general population has been accompanied by a marked increase in the prevalence and incidence of obesity in the dialysis population. However, secular trends of body mass index (BMI) have not been investigated in European renal registries. METHODS We investigated the secular trend of(More)
Hemodialysis (HD)-induced hypotension may be precipitated by severe hypovolemia. To avoid the appearance of destabilizing hypovolemias, we have developed a biofeedback control system for intradialytic blood volume (BV)-changes modeling. The system, incorporated in a dialysis machine, is based on a multivariable closed-loop control with a dependent output(More)