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BACKGROUND Based on the knowledge that Tourette's syndrome (TS) is associated with several clinical features that can impair school function and growing evidence that the disorder is much more common than previously thought, the authors hypothesized that TS and related tic disorders would be associated with school problems in the childhood population at(More)
BACKGROUND Tourette syndrome (TS) and related tic disorders are commonly associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It has been argued, however, that any observed association between TS and these and other psychopathologies may be due to ascertainment bias in that individuals with multiple(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Health related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important surveillance measure for monitoring the health of populations, as proposed in the American public health plan, Healthy People 2010. The authors investigated the retest reliability of four HRQoL questions from the US Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). DESIGN Randomly(More)
OBJECTIVE The objectives of this work were to determine the prevalence of self-reported subclinical status for functional limitation and disability at baseline and assess their independent effects on the onset of functional limitation and disability 1-2 years later. METHODS Nine hundred ninety-eight African American men and women 49-65 years old in St.(More)
The purpose of this study was to predict post-settlement pain intensity, psychological distress, disability, and financial struggle among African American (n=580) and non-Hispanic Caucasian (n=892) Workers' Compensation claimants with single incident low back injury. The study was a population-based telephone survey conducted in three population centers in(More)
Socioeconomic status (SES) has powerful and complex impacts on health, and understanding the relationship between SES and health is essential for long-term improvements in the health of populations. In addition, in the United States, the impact of SES on health is inextricably intertwined with racial and ethnicity status and the historical development and(More)
OBJECTIVES In this article we explore the measurement properties of the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) in 49- to 65-year-old African Americans, compare their health-related quality of life (HRQoL) with that of the nation, and evaluate the association of selected covariates with HRQoL. METHODS A probability sample of 998(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES There are few data describing disability and health status for ethnic groups. The disablement process involves social influences, which may include minority status. Cross sectional data were examined to investigate the relation of ethnicity to disability. DESIGN A stratified random digit dialled sample of women aged 40 and older.(More)
The authors examined the associations of observed neighborhood (block face) and housing conditions with the incidence of diabetes by using data from 644 subjects in the African-American Health Study (St. Louis area, Missouri). They also investigated five mediating pathways (health behavior, psychosocial, health status, access to medical care, and(More)
This study examined differences in the case management of occupational low back injuries in a large, racially diverse population of Workers' Compensation claimants in Missouri. Participants were African Americans (N=580) and non-Hispanic whites (N=892) who had filed occupational injury claims that were settled over an 18-month period. Telephone interview(More)