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The glacial regions of central Asia considered in our study are influenced by tropical monsoons and western extratropical cyclones. Isotopic δ 18 O and δD data were obtained over 3 years in three climatic regions: Gongga massif of southeastern Tibet (windward slope of summer monsoon), Xixibangma massif on the northern slope of the Himalayas (leeward of(More)
Major processes controlling the existence of a large subcontinental glacier system were identified on the basis of glaciological, meteorological and isotopic analyses using expeditionary and long-term data. Observations occurred on the southern Inylchek glacier located in the Pobeda-Khan Tengry massif, the largest subcontinental glacier system in the(More)
Falls are common in the elderly, and fear of falling is widely prevalent. This review emphasizes some of the defensive adaptations that occur in relation to concern about balance, and the phenomenon of cautious gait and fear of falling. Fear of falling affects those who never fall as well as those who do. Anxiety and fear can profoundly influence motor(More)
36 m firn-ice core and snow samples were collected and used for stratigraphic, isotopic, and chemical analyses. The firn-ice core and snow records were related to snow pit measurements at an event scale and to meteorological data and synoptic indices of atmospheric circulation at annual and seasonal scales. Linear relationships between the seasonal air(More)
Rates of snow water equivalent (SWE) decrease were obtained as a difference between two successive values of SWE at 189 stations in the former Soviet Union (FSU). The required distribution of duration of snow ablation (snowmelt plus sublimation) was obtained from long-term data on average dates of maximum SWE and dates of snow disappearance. Stations were(More)
BACKGROUND Transfer to an emergency room and hospitalization of nursing home residents is a growing problem that is poorly defined and reported. OBJECTIVES To assess the clinical effectiveness of a pilot project involving hospitalization of nursing home residents directly to an acute-care geriatric department. METHODS We retrospectively compared the(More)
We propose a scheme of natural interactions in the earth-ocean-atmosphere system, where the seasonal snow cover of Eurasia serves as a possible regulator of circulation, and glaciers serve as indicators of global climate change. Standard hydrometeorological, expedition and satellite data collected since the 1890s are used to obtain quantitative estimates of(More)
In the summers of 2001 and 2002, glacio-climatological research was performed at 4110– 4120 m a.s.l. on the Belukha snow/firn plateau, Siberian Altai. Hundreds of samples from snow pits and a 21 m snow/firn core were collected to establish the annual/seasonal/monthly depth–accumulation scale, based on stable-isotope records, stratigraphic analyses and(More)
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