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Sugars act as signaling molecules, whose signal transduction pathways may lead to the activation or inactivation of gene expression. Whole-genome transcript profiling reveals that the flavonoid and anthocyanin biosynthetic pathways are strongly up-regulated following sucrose (Suc) treatment. Besides mRNA accumulation, Suc affects both flavonoid and(More)
Rice (Oryza sativa) seeds can germinate in the complete absence of oxygen. Under anoxia, the rice coleoptile elongates, reaching a length greater than that of the aerobic one. In this article, we compared and investigated the transcriptome of rice coleoptiles grown under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The results allow drawing a detailed picture of the(More)
Exogenous sucrose (Suc) greatly enhances anoxia tolerance of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) seedlings. We used the Affymetrix ATH1 GeneChip containing more than 22,500 probe sets to explore the anaerobic transcriptome of Arabidopsis seedlings kept under anoxia for 6 h in presence or absence of exogenous Suc. Functional clustering was performed using the(More)
Anthocyanins are secondary metabolites, which play an important role in the physiology of plants. Both sucrose and hormones regulate anthocyanin synthesis. Here, the interplay between sucrose and plant hormones was investigated in the expression of sucrose-regulated genes coding for anthocyanin biosynthetic enzymes in Arabidopsis seedlings. The expression(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the sugar-sensing processes modulating the expression of alpha-amylase in barley (Hordeum vulgaris L. var Himalaya) embryos. The results highlight the existence of independent glucose (Glc) and disaccharides sensing. Glc treatment destabilizes the alpha-amylase mRNA. Non-metabolizable disaccharides repress(More)
Planarian regeneration, based upon totipotent stem cells, the neoblasts, provides a unique opportunity to study in vivo the molecular program that defines a stem cell. In this study, we report the identification of DjPiwi-1, a planarian homologue of Drosophila Piwi. Expression analysis showed that DjPiwi-1 transcripts are preferentially accumulated in small(More)
Sugars acting as signalling molecules regulate many developmental processes in plants, including lateral and adventitious root production. Turanose, a non-metabolizable sucrose analogue, profoundly affects the growth pattern of Arabidopsis seedlings. Turanose-treated seedlings are characterized by a very short primary root and a short hypocotyl showing the(More)
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicumL.) cv.Micro-Tom plants were transformedwith theArabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heyhn. MYB75/PAP1 (PRODUCTION OF ANTHOCYANIN PIGMENT 1) gene. This gene encodes for a well known transcription factor, which is involved in anthocyanin production and is modulated by light and sucrose. Transgenic tomato plants expressing AtMYB75were(More)
Sugar status regulates mechanisms controlling growth and development of plants. We studied the effects of sucrose at a genome-wide level in dark-grown 4-day-old Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings, identifying 797 genes strongly responsive to sucrose. Starting from the microarray analysis data, four up-regulated (At5g41670, At1g20950, At1g61800, and At2g28900)(More)
Soil flooding, which results in a decline in the availability of oxygen to submerged organs, negatively affects the growth and productivity of most crops. Although tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is known for its sensitivity to waterlogging, its ability to produce adventitious roots (ARs) increases plant survival when the level of oxygen is decreased in the(More)