Elena Lenzi

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Expression and secretion of neurotrophins, including brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), are regulated also by neuronal activity. Data available in the literature suggest that BDNF central levels are influenced by light and dark. Diurnal changes of BDNF mRNA and protein contents have been demonstrated in the rat central nervous system. Based on these(More)
The increased use of hormonal therapies has led to the study of the properties of different progestin molecules and their effects on the central nervous system. The central and peripheral levels of neurosteroid allopregnanolone and the opioid peptide beta-endorphin (beta-END) are regulated by estrogens. The aim of the present study was to investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a mediator of neuronal plasticity and influences learning, memory and cognitive behaviour. The aim of this study is to assess plasma BDNF variations according to hormonal status. METHODS A total of 60 subjects were included: 20 fertile ovulatory women, 15 amenorrhoeic women and 25 postmenopausal(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potential action of Nestorone (alone or in combination with estradiol valerate) on the level of allopregnanolone and of the opioid beta-endorphin in selected brain areas. Wistar ovariectomized rats were given 0.05 mg/(kg day) of estradiol valerate (E2V) or subcutaneous Nestorone at three dose levels: low dose(More)
The increased use of hormonal therapies over the last years has led to improve the knowledge of pharmacological, biochemical and metabolic properties of several progestins and their effects in target tissues, such as the central nervous system. Progesterone and synthetic progestational agents are able to modulate the synthesis and release of several(More)
The central nervous system is one of the main target tissues for sex steroid hormones, which act on both through genomic mechanisms, modulating synthesis, release, and metabolism of many neuropeptides and neurotransmitters, and through non-genomic mechanisms, influencing electrical excitability, synaptic function, morphological features, and neuron-glia(More)
Allopregnanolone, a neurosteroid acting as a potent anxiolytic agonist of the gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptor, has been shown in animal models to modify its concentrations at central and peripheral levels according to the estrous cycle. Moreover, it modulates behavioral and biochemical responses to acute and chronic stress, anxiety, depression,(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of nomegestrol acetate (NOMAc) on the central nervous system by analyzing the neurosteroid allopregnanolone and the opioid beta-endorphin (beta-endorphin). 104 Wistar female rats were used in this study; one group of fertile and one group of ovariectomized rats were used as control. The others were(More)
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