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Neurotoxicity is one of the most relevant dose-limiting toxicities of the anticancer drug paclitaxel. It exhibits substantial interindividual variability of unknown molecular basis, and represents one of the major challenges for the improvement of paclitaxel therapy. The extensive variability in paclitaxel clearance and metabolism lead us to investigate the(More)
Therapeutic options for patients with metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) are limited due to lack of effective treatments. Thus, there is a need to thoroughly characterize the pathways of molecular pathogenesis and to identify potential targets for therapy in MTC. Since epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) seems to play a crucial role for RET(More)
The beta-tubulins are microtubule components encoded by a multigene family, which produces slightly different proteins with complex expression patterns. Several widely used anticancer drugs base their activity on beta-tubulin binding, microtubule dynamics alteration, and cell division blockage. The expression of these drug targets in tumoral and normal(More)
Head and neck paragangliomas are usually asymptomatic and benign tumours arising mainly from the carotid body and the vagal, tympanic or jugular glomus. The majority of patients develop sporadic masses, and around 30% of cases harbour germline mutations in one of the succinate dehydrogenase genes: SDHB, SDHC or SDHD. In these hereditary cases, the presence(More)
The six major genes involved in hereditary susceptibility for pheochromocytoma (PCC)/paraganglioma (PGL) (RET, VHL, NF1, SDHB, SDHC, and SDHD) have been recently integrated into the same neuronal apoptotic pathway where mutations in any of these genes lead to cell death. In this model, prolyl hydroxylase 3 (EglN3) abrogation plays a pivotal role, but the(More)
CONTEXT The presence of familial history in pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma patients, including syndromic antecedents, leads in the majority of cases to a positive genetic testing for mutations in one of the major susceptibility genes described so far. Furthermore, it has been reported that in the absence of familial antecedents, about 11-24% of patients(More)
Hereditary susceptibility to pheochromocytoma (PCC) and paraganglioma (PGL) represents a very complex genetic scenario. It has been reported that the absence of familial antecedents of the disease does not preclude the existence of a mutation affecting any of the five major susceptibility genes. In fact, 11-24% of apparently sporadic cases (without familial(More)
Recent genome-wide association studies have uncovered genomic loci that underlie an increased risk for atrial fibrillation, the major cardiac arrhythmia in humans. The most significant locus is located in a gene desert at 4q25, approximately 170 kilobases upstream of PITX2, which codes for a transcription factor involved in embryonic left-right asymmetry(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary susceptibility to familial paraganglioma syndromes is mainly due to mutations in one of six genes, including three of the four genes encoding the subunits of the mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase complex II. Although prevalence, penetrance and clinical characteristics of patients carrying point mutations affecting the genes(More)
Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) copy number variation (CNV) influences the metabolism of 15-25% of clinical drugs. Here we describe a novel multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis method that accurately detects CYP2D6 CNV and CYP2D6*9 allele. It includes the amplification of 2 CYP2D6 and 7 control (AQP1, CYP3A4, MDR1, and SDHB) fluorescent PCR(More)