Elena Kowalsky

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Twelve years ago in this journal, Pro®ta and Bidder [1988] reported the ®rst evidence for familial aggregation of a rare cognitive phenotype known commonly as ``perfect pitch'', also designated ``absolute pitch.'' Since that report, several studies [Baharloo et al., 1998; Gregersen et al., 1999] provided evidence for genetic and environmental effects in(More)
Absolute pitch (AP) and synesthesia are two uncommon cognitive traits that reflect increased neuronal connectivity and have been anecdotally reported to occur together in an individual. Here we systematically evaluate the occurrence of synesthesia in a population of 768 subjects with documented AP. Out of these 768 subjects, 151 (20.1%) reported(More)
Drs. Henthorn and Deutsch have selectively analyzed our data and omitted a key factor in their analysis. A full analysis of our data does not support their conclusions. As shown in our original report [Gregersen et al., 2001], as well as by the work of others [Baharloo et al., 1998], two factors are associated with the development of AP: (1) the age at(More)
BACKGROUND Langerhans cells (LCs) function as specialized antigen-presenting cells in the epidermis, and therefore play a critical role in cutaneous immunological reactions. Topical treatment with corticosteroids is associated with a decrease in epidermal LC number and antigen-presenting capacity in laboratory animals and humans. OBJECTIVES To examine(More)
Absolute pitch (AP)—the ability to identify or produce a musical note in the absence of a reference note—is very rare and is the subject of considerable speculation [cf. Ward, 1999]. In a widely quoted study, Gregersen et al. [2000] reported findings indicating a higher prevalence of AP among Asians than Caucasians, and they argued from their findings that(More)
This study investigated the abilities of listeners to classify various sorts of musical stimuli as major vs minor. All stimuli combined four pure tones: low and high tonics (G5 and G6), dominant (D), and either a major third (B) or a minor third (B[symbol: see text]). Especially interesting results were obtained using tone-scrambles, randomly ordered(More)