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INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE Marked activation of natural foci of tularemia in the known endemic area of Central Europe, comprising the borderland of Slovakia, Austria and the Czech Republic, led to an epidemic outbreak in western Slovakia and an increase in the number of human tularemia cases in the adjoining regions of northeastern Austria and southern(More)
Examination of ticks for the presence of F. tularensis resulted in the isolation of 29 strains, predominantly from the species D. reticulatus (19x), further from I. ricinus (8x) and from H. concinna (2x). The results confirmed the activity of the known endemic focus in the area of Podunajské Biskupice and revealed three new foci in the localities Smolenice(More)
In this study, three tick species (Ixodes ricinus, Dermacentor marginatus, and D. reticulatus), small terrestrial mammals, and game were examined by PCR for the presence of tick-borne pathogens Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Coxiella burnetii, Rickettsia spp., and Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu lato.
Vögel wurden wiederholt als Reservoir von Zecken-übertragenen Krankheitserregern identifiziert. Um die diesbezügliche Situation in der Slowakei zu untersuchen, wurden von 3057 mit Netzen gefangenen, ringmarkierten und dann wieder freigesetzten Sperlingsvögeln Zecken gesammelt. Die Fangorte in den Bukovské Vrchy Hügeln, einem Teil der Karpaten in der(More)
Lyme-Borreliose ist eine der häufigsten von Zecken vermittelten Erkrankungen, die in der Slowakei auftreten. In dieser Studie wurde Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in Wirt-suchenden Zecken, die aus drei Regionen der Slowakei gesammelt worden sind, nachgewiesen und kultiviert. Zur Identifizierung der Genospezies wurden zwei Methoden eingesetzt, die RFLP(More)
A total of 80 adult ticks (55 Haemaphysalis inermis, 12 Dermacentor reticulatus, 11 D. marginatus, 2 Ixodes ricinus) were collected from vegetation in three areas of Slovakia (forest and pasture habitat) in central Europe. Forty-six (46 ticks) (57.5%) of all species tested were positive by the hemocyte test, PCR assays based on the gltA and ompA genes(More)
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE Studies on Lyme borreliosis and other tick-borne zoonoses in the Austrian and Slovakian borderland, a region endemic for tularemia, revealed a relatively high prevalence of infection with Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. and Francisella tularensis in small terrestrial mammals, as well as in the ticks, during a one-year survey. The(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of wild animals for Anaplasma phagocytophilum, other ehrlichiae/anaplasmae, Rickettsia helvetica and other rickettsiae and whether different genetic variants of A. phagocytophilum in central Slovakia exist. A total of 109 spleen samples from 49 red deer (Cervus elaphus), 30 roe deer (Capreolus(More)
Between 1987–1989 almost 7000 adult Ixodes ricinus, Dermacentor reticulatus, Dermacentor marginatus, Haemaphysalis concinna, Haemaphysalis punctata and Haemaphysalis inermis ticks collected in all 38 districts of Slovakia were screened for the presence of Coxiella burnetii. The proportion of ticks containing C. burnetii as indicated by the haemocyte test(More)