Elena Kochetkova

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Pto is a serine/threonine kinase that mediates resistance in tomato to strains of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato expressing the (a)virulence proteins AvrPto or AvrPtoB. DNA shuffling was used as a combinatorial in vitro genetic approach to dissect the functional regions of Pto. The Pto gene was shuffled with four of its paralogs from a resistant haplotype(More)
Inactivation of p53 found in more than half of human cancers is often associated with increased tumor resistance to anti-cancer therapy. We have previously shown that overexpression of the phosphatase Wip1 in p53-negative tumors sensitizes them to chemotherapeutic agents, while protecting normal tissues from the side effects of anti-cancer treatment. In(More)
Cells undergoing oncogenic transformation frequently inactivate tumor suppressor pathways that could prevent their uncontrolled growth. Among those pathways p53 and p38MAPK pathways play a critical role in regulation of cell cycle, senescence and cell death in response to activation of oncogenes, stress and DNA damage. Consequently, these two pathways are(More)
UV irradiation is a major natural and artificial stress factor that may cause severe skin injury. UV irradiation induces DNA damage, which, eventually, may lead to cell death, senescence or oncogenic mutations and tumor growth. Wip1 is a phosphatase involved in the regulation of DNA damage response and oncogenic stress. Here, we studied response to UV-B(More)
We have studied the role of the stress kinases p38 and JNK1,2 in premature senescence induced by sodium butyrate (NaBut), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, in mouse embryonic fibroblasts transformed by E1A+cHa-Ras oncogenes. It was found that transformants from p38 knockout cells are able to implement NaBut-induced senescence exhibited by cell cycle arrest,(More)
The stress response in epithelium is particularly important because epithelial tissues in many cases serve as a barrier between the internal milieu and sometime hostile external environment and experience more severe insults compared to other tissues. Wip1 phosphatase as a regulator of several stress signaling pathways such as MAP kinases, DNA damage(More)
This article examines the transfer of technology from Finnish enterprises to Soviet industry during the USSR's period of technological modernization between 1955 and 1964. It centers on the forestry sector, which was a particular focus of modernization programs and a key area for the transfer of foreign techniques and expertise. The aim of the article is to(More)
A key regulator of cellular senescence, mTORC1 complex, is a target of many signaling cascades, including Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK cascade. In this paper, we investigated the role of the MEK/ERK branch of this cascade in the process of cellular senescence induced by sodium butyrate (NaBut), a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACI), in transformed rat-embryo(More)
GenomeVectorizer is a genome visualization tool that is designed to extend the functionality of GenomePixelizer, genome visualization tool that was developed for the Department of Plant Pathology at University of California, Davis in 2002. GenomeVectorizer was written using XML, XSLT, and SVG technologies combined with JavaScript scripting to provide the(More)
Autophagy is a conserved process of protein and organelle degradation that serves to maintain cell viability. Autophagy is frequently induced in response to stress or to exposure to DNA-damaging agents or retinoids, as well as to starvation and deficiency of growth factors. In this work, autophagy induced in E1A+cHA-RAS transformed cells in response to(More)
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