Elena J Moerman

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Cells of the bone marrow stroma can reversibly convert among different phenotypes. Based on this and on evidence for a reciprocal relationship between osteoblastogenesis and adipogenesis, we have isolated several murine bone marrow-derived clonal cell lines with phenotypic characteristics of osteoblasts or adipocytes, or both. Consistent with a state of(More)
Osteoblasts and adipocytes originate from a common progenitor, which arises from bone marrow mesenchymal stroma/stem cells (mMSC). Aging causes a decrease in the number of bone-forming osteoblasts and an increase in the number of marrow adipocytes. Here, we demonstrate that, during aging, the status of mMSC changes with respect to both their intrinsic(More)
PPAR gamma is activated by diverse ligands and regulates the differentiation of many cell types. Based on evidence that activation of PPAR gamma 2 by rosiglitazone stimulates adipogenesis and inhibits osteoblastogenesis in U-33/gamma 2 cells, a model mesenchymal progenitor of adipocytes and osteoblasts, we postulated that the increase in marrow fat and the(More)
We have previously described the oxidative inactivation of several key metabolic enzymes by a variety of mixed function oxidation systems. Because many of the enzymes which are inactivated have been shown by others to accumulate as inactive or less active forms during cellular aging, we have examined the levels of oxidatively modified proteins in two model(More)
Previously, we reported that fibronectin (FN) mRNA was overexpressed in normal late-passage (old) and pre- maturely senescent Werner syndrome (WS) fibroblasts when compared to normal early-passage (young) cells (Murano et al. Mol. Cell. Biol. 11, 3905-3914, 1991). Therefore, we investigated the expression and function of the alpha5 beta1 FN receptor (FNR),(More)
We have found that insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) accumulates to higher levels in medium conditioned by a strain of normal fibroblasts at late passage (LP) and a strain derived from subjects with Werner syndrome (WS) of premature aging, compared to medium conditioned by the same normal cells at early passage (EP) (Goldstein et al.,(More)
The effect of beta 1- or beta 2-antagonism on the plasma levels of glucose, lactate, triglycerides, and free fatty acids was studied in seventeen normal male volunteers. All subjects performed three graded and uninterrupted exercise tests until exhaustion. Prior to each exercise test they received in a randomized order during three consecutive days either(More)
Ketanserin (120 mg/day) or placebo was given orally to 14 patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension according to a double blind crossover protocol, each treatment period lasting six weeks. Resting intra-arterial pressure in the recumbent position was reduced from 150/84 to 141/77 mm Hg; the hypotensive effect persisted throughout an(More)
We previously reported that plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) mRNA was present at higher steady-state levels in prematurely senescent fibroblasts derived from a subject with Werner syndrome (WS) compared to early passage (EP) fibroblasts from an age-matched normal subject (Murano et al., 1991, Mol. Cell. Biol. 11:3905-3914). To explore the(More)
Genes that play a role in the senescent arrest of cellular replication are likely to be overexpressed in human diploid fibroblasts (HDF) derived from subjects with Werner syndrome (WS) because these cells have a severely curtailed replicative life span. To identify some of these genes, a cDNA library was constructed from WS HDF after they had been serum(More)