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An enzyme exhibiting alpha-L-rhamnosidase activity was purified by fractionating a culture filtrate of Aspergillus nidulans grown on L-rhamnose as the sole carbon source. The alpha-L-rhamnosidase was shown to be N-glycosylated and had a molecular mass of 102 kDa, of which approximately 7% was contributed by carbohydrate. The enzyme, optimally active at pH(More)
In this paper, we describe a rapid and accurate real-time quantitative PCR-based system to determine transgene copy number in transgenic animals. We used the 2(-deltadeltaCt) method to analyze different transgenic lines without the requirement of a control sample previously determined by Southern blot analysis. To determine the transgene copy number in(More)
Reprogramming of differentiated nuclei into a totipotent embryonic state following somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is not efficient. Previous studies in the hybrid B6D2F1 mouse strain revealed that a transient treatment of the SCNT embryos with the histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) trichostatin A (TSA) significantly enhance the potential of the(More)
Chemically assisted enucleation has been successfully applied to porcine and bovine oocytes to prepare recipient cytoplasts for nuclear transfer procedures. In this study, the antimitotic drugs demecolcine, nocodazole, and vinblastine were first assessed for their ability to induce the formation of cortical membrane protrusions in mouse, goat, and human(More)
Impaired development of embryos produced by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is mostly associated with faulty reprogramming of the somatic nucleus to a totipotent state and can be improved by treatment with epigenetic modifiers. Here we report that addition of 100 μM vitamin C (VitC) to embryo culture medium for at least 16 h post-activation(More)
BACKGROUND Measures to prevent assisted reproductive technologies (ART) mix-ups, such as labeling of all labware and double-witnessing protocols, are currently in place in fertility clinics worldwide. Technological solutions for electronic witnessing are also being developed. However, none of these solutions eliminate the risk of identification errors,(More)
The low number of oocytes collected from unstimulated donors by ovum pick-up means that embryos produced from each individual female have to be cultured individually or in very small groups. However, it has been demonstrated that single-embryo culture is less efficient than embryo culture in groups. To overcome this limitation, we developed a direct(More)
STUDY QUESTION Is the attachment of biofunctionalized polysilicon barcodes to the outer surface of the zona pellucida an effective approach for the direct tagging and identification of cultured embryos? SUMMARY ANSWER The results achieved provide a proof of concept for a direct embryo tagging system using biofunctionalized polysilicon barcodes, which(More)
Individual tagging of oocytes and embryos through the attachment of micrometer-sized polysilicon barcodes to their zona pellucida (ZP) is a promising approach to ensure their correct identification and traceability in human assisted reproduction and in animal production programs. To provide barcodes with the capacity of binding to the ZP, they must be first(More)
Genetic mosaicism is frequent among transgenic animals produced by pronuclear microinjection. A successful method for the screening of founder animals for germline mosaicism prior to mating would greatly reduce the costs associated with the propagation of the transgenic lines, and improve the efficiency of transgenic livestock production. With this aim, we(More)