Elena I. Kovalenko

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N-Methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA)-activated glutamate receptors are expressed in lymphocytes, but their roles have not yet been defined. We show that incubation of human peripheral blood lymphocytes with NMDA resulted in increased intracellular calcium and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels through effects on NMDA-activated glutamate receptors. In terms of ROS(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells have been shown to play a regulatory role in sepsis. According to the current view, NK cells become activated via macrophages or dendritic cells primed by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Recently, TLR4 gene expression was detected in human NK cells suggesting the possibility of a direct action of LPS on NK cells. In this study, effects(More)
An experimental model system involving the modification of carbohydrate composition of the target cell surface with neoglycolipids was developed for studying the role of surface carbohydrates of target cells in the NK-cell-mediated cytotoxicity. The polymeric glycoconjugates of the Glyc–PAA–PEA and Glyc–PAA(Flu)–PEA types (where Glyc was an oligosaccharide(More)
Changes in the content of constitutive and inducible proteins of the family of heat shock 70 kDa proteins (HSP70) caused by heat shock in human neutrophils, white blood cells with an atypically short lifespan, which provide a nonspecific defense of the organism against bacterial pathogens, have been studied. An analysis of the intracellular content of the(More)
A model system was developed to study the role of cell surface oligosaccharides in cytotoxicity mediated by natural killer (NK) cells. Polymeric glycoconjugates Glyc-PAA-PE and Glyc-PAA(Flu)-PE (where Glyc is the 3-aminopropyl Le(x) residue, PAA is the poly(N-2-hydroxyethylacrylamide) matrix, Flu is the residue of a fluorescein derivative, and PE is the(More)
Human serum albumin (HSA) is a protein found in human blood. Over the last decade, HSA has been evaluated as a promising drug carrier. However, not being magnetic, HSA cannot be used for biomedical applications such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic drug targeting. Therefore, subsequent composites building on iron oxide nanoparticles that are(More)
ROS production and intracellular HSP70 levels were measured in human neutrophils for three age groups: young (20-59 years), elders (60-89 years) and nonagenarians (90 years and older). Elders showed higher levels of spontaneous intracellular ROS content compared with young and nonagenarian groups, which had similar intracellular ROS levels. Zymosan-induced(More)
Membrane-associated oligosaccharides are known to take part in interactions between natural killer (NK) cells and their targets and modulate NK cell activity. A model system was therefore developed using synthetic glycoconjugates as tools to modify the carbohydrate pattern on NK target cell surfaces. NK cells were then assessed for function in response to(More)
Intracellular content of heat shock proteins of 70 kDa family (HSP70) possessing chaperone and cytoprotective functions depends on specialization and functional activity of the cells. The aim of this study was to analyze the dynamics of constitutive and inducible HSP70 levels evoked by heat shock in human neutrophils, the short-lived fraction of white blood(More)
The influence of H2O2 at concentrations of 10(-8)--10(-2) mol/l on neutrophil ability to generate the reactive oxygen and chlorine species (ROCS) and secrete myeloperoxidase (MPO) was studied, and H202 injurious effect on neutrophils was also investigated in this work. It was revealed that H2O2 at concentrations of 2 x 10(-3)--2 x 10(-2) mol/l induced(More)