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The role of partial AZFc deletions of the Y chromosome in spermatogenic impairment is currently debated. Recently, it was also reported that duplications of the same region are associated with oligozoospermia in Han-Chinese men. The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate the clinical significance of partial AZFc deletions in a large study population and(More)
Based on association studies, an increasing number of gene polymorphisms have been proposed as modulators of spermatogenesis. Interestingly, a clear cause-effect relationship between a polymorphism of the POLG gene and oligo(astheno)zoospermia was recently described. The POLG gene contains a polymorphic CAG repeat, and the presence of a homozygous mutant(More)
BACKGROUND A specific haplotype (AGATA) in the estrogen receptor alpha (ER1) gene was recently described as a new risk factor for cryptorchidism in the Japanese population. In this ethnic group, single-nucleotide polymorphism 12 (SNP12) was concluded to be the tag SNP for the AGATA haplotype. MATERIALS AND METHODS A large group of patients (total(More)
BACKGROUND Although the importance of estrogens in male reproduction is indisputable, little attention has been paid to the role of estrogen receptor (ER) gene mutations in male infertility. Significant correlation between (TA)n repeat allelic variants and lumbar bone mineral density was previously observed in the promoter region of the ERalpha gene,(More)
Since the first definition of the AZoospermia Factor (AZF) regions, the Y chromosome has become an important target for studies aimed to identify genetic factors involved in male infertility. This chromosome is enriched with genes expressed exclusively or prevalently in the testis and their absence or reduction of their dosage is associated with(More)
Polymorphisms in genes involved in spermatogenesis are considered potential risk factors for male infertility. Recently a polymorphism in the deleted in azoospermia-like (DAZL) gene (T54A) was reported as susceptibility factor to oligo/azoospermia in the Chinese population. DAZL is an autosomal homologue of the Y chromosomal DAZ (deleted in azoospermia)(More)
Idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism is a rare disease that is characterized by delayed/absent puberty and/or infertility due to an insufficient stimulation of an otherwise normal pituitary-gonadal axis by gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) action. Because reduced or normal luteinizing hormone (LH)/follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels may be(More)
The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive genetic/phenotypic characterization of subjects suffering infertility owing to sperm macrocephaly (n = 3) or globozoospermia (n = 9) and to investigate whether the patients' genetic status was correlated with the alteration of various sperm parameters. AURKC was sequenced in case of sperm macrocephaly(More)