Elena Grasselli

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Recent reports demonstrated that 3,5-diiodo-l-thyronine (T(2)) was able to prevent lipid accumulation in the liver of rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD). In this study, we investigated how the rat liver responds to HFD and T(2) treatment by assessing the transcription profiles of some genes involved in the pathways of lipid metabolism: oxidation, storage and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Previous studies have demonstrated that 3,5-L-diiodothyronine (T(2)) is able to prevent lipid accumulation in the liver of rats fed a high-fat diet. Whether this effect is due to a direct action of T(2) on the liver has not been elucidated. In this study, we investigated the ability of T(2) to reduce the excess lipids in isolated(More)
One hundred and twenty clinical and commensal Escherichia coli strains isolated in Switzerland from humans and from companion and farm animals were analysed for the prevalence of integrons of classes 1, 2, and 3 and for the characterization of their gene cassettes. The relationships between integron carriage and host category, and between integron carriage(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress is implicated in pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). This study investigated the possible correlation among the erythrocyte indices of oxidative stress, the leukocyte panels of antioxidant proteins (metallothioneins), the serum biochemical parameters and the liver steatosis grade. METHODS A total of 118 cases(More)
Escherichia coli, the common inhabitant of the mammalian intestine, exhibits considerable intraspecies genomic variation, which has been suggested to reflect adaptation to different ecological niches. Also, regulatory trade-offs, e.g. between catabolic versatility and stress protection, are thought to result in significant physiological differences between(More)
The increasing production of nanoparticles (NPs) will lead to their release into the aquatic environment, where they could modify the bioavailability/bioconcentration and consequent biological impact of other contaminants. Interactive effects of n-TiO2, one of the most widespread NP type, and Cd(2+), a common heavy metal pollutant, have been described in(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Fatty acids are the main energy stores and the major membrane components of the cells. In the hepatocyte, fatty acids are esterified to triacylglycerols (TAGs) and stored in lipid droplets (LDs). The lipid lowering action of 3,5-diiodo-L-thyronine (T2) on an in vitro model of hepatosteatosis was investigated in terms of fatty acid and(More)
In rats fed a high fat diet (HFD), long-term administration of 3,5-diiodo-L-thyronine (T2), a naturally occurring iodothyronine, was shown to reduce body-weight gain, fat mass, and hepatic lipid accumulation. This work was aimed at investigating the mechanisms of T2 action in the liver of HFD rats. The results show that HFD induces liver lipid peroxidation(More)
Excess energy is stored as neutral lipids in lipid droplets (LDs) whose surface is coated by PAT proteins, each playing a distinct cellular function. The adipocyte differentiation-related protein (ADRP) and tail-interacting protein (TIP47) are expressed almost ubiquitously, whereas the oxidative tissue-enriched PAT protein (OXPAT) is expressed in specific(More)
Iodothyronines influence lipid metabolism and energy homeostasis. Previous studies demonstrated that 3,5-l-diiodothyronine (T(2)), as well as 3,3',5-L-triiodothyronine (T(3)), was able to both prevent and reverse hepatic steatosis in rats fed a high-fat diet, and this effect depends on a direct action of iodothyronines on the hepatocyte. However, the(More)