Elena Gagliardini

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Human amniotic fluid stem (hAFS) cells, a novel class of broadly multipotent stem cells that share characteristics of both embryonic and adult stem cells, have been regarded as promising candidate for cell therapy. Taking advantage by the well-established murine model of acute kidney injury (AKI), we studied the proregenerative effect of hAFS cells in(More)
BACKGROUND Recent disclosure of podocyte proteins has unraveled previously rather mysterious mechanisms that govern glomerular perm-selectivity in health and disease. Here we addressed the role of nephrin, CD2-associated protein (CD2AP), and podocin together with the integrity of the slit diaphragm in the pathogenesis of proteinuria of patients with(More)
Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related systemic disease is a rare condition characterized by high levels of circulating IgG4 and IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltrates in various organs, including the pancreas, salivary glands, biliary tract, liver, lung, and kidney. We describe a case of a 54-year-old man with IgG4-related systemic disease presenting with(More)
Rituximab induces nephrotic syndrome (NS) remission in two-thirds of patients with primary membranous nephropathy (MN), even after other treatments have failed. To assess the relationships among treatment effect, circulating nephritogenic anti-phospholipase A2 receptor (anti-PLA2R) autoantibodies and genetic polymorphisms predisposing to antibody production(More)
Chronic renal diseases progress to organ insufficiency, which may require replacement therapy within one to three decades even independently of the type of initial insults. In the majority of cases, the degrees of proteinuria and interstitial leukocyte infiltration and scarring are strictly correlated with the rate of disease progression. This study tests(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia-reperfusion injury after organ transplantation is a major cause of delayed graft function. Prevention of post-transplant ischemia acute renal failure is still elusive. METHODS The present study was designed to examine whether propionyl-l-carnitine, an acyl derivative of carnitine involved in fatty acid oxidation pathway and adenosine(More)
In the present study, we evaluated the effect of simultaneously blocking angiotensin II synthesis and endothelin (ET)-1 activity as a multimodal intervention to implement renoprotection in overt diabetic nephropathy. Mechanisms underlying combined therapy effectiveness were addressed by investigating podocyte structure and function and glomerular barrier(More)
Today angiotensin II inhibition is primarily used to slow the rate of progression of kidney diseases. There is evidence that these therapies can induce a partial regression of glomerular lesions. However, we do not know yet the extent of sclerotic lesion regression and whether new glomerular tissue is formed to help support the renal function. We used male(More)
The capacity of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors to delay progression of diabetic nephropathy depends on the time at which therapy is started. A multimodal intervention is required to afford renoprotection in overt diabetic nephropathy. Here we assessed the effects of maximal RAS inhibition by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor plus(More)
The ultrastructure of the glomerular filtration slit is still controversial. In the last 30 years, observations from transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and theoretical analysis of solute clearance produced conflicting results. Here, we used scanning EM with a high-sensitivity detector to image the deepest regions of the filtration slits and report a(More)