Elena Gómez-Díaz

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The importance of sympatric speciation (the evolution of reproductive isolation between codistributed populations) in generating biodiversity is highly controversial. Whereas potential examples of sympatric speciation exist for plants, insects, and fishes, most theoretical models suggest that it requires conditions that are probably not common in nature,(More)
Q fever is a highly infectious disease with a worldwide distribution. Its causative agent, the intracellular bacterium Coxiella burnetii, infects a variety of vertebrate species, including humans. Its evolutionary origin remains almost entirely unknown and uncertainty persists regarding the identity and lifestyle of its ancestors. A few tick species were(More)
A growing body of evidence points towards epigenetic mechanisms being responsible for a wide range of biological phenomena, from the plasticity of plant growth and development to the nutritional control of caste determination in honeybees and the etiology of human disease (e.g., cancer). With the (partial) elucidation of the molecular basis of epigenetic(More)
A potential role of seabirds in spreading Lyme disease (LB) spirochetes over large spatial scales was suggested more than 10 years ago when Borrelia garinii was observed in marine birds of both hemispheres. Since then, there have been few studies examining the diversity of Borrelia spp. circulating in seabirds, or the potential interaction between(More)
Ecological studies on food webs rarely include parasites, partly due to the complexity and dimensionality of host-parasite interaction networks. Multiple co-occurring parasites can show different feeding strategies and thus lead to complex and cryptic trophic relationships, which are often difficult to disentangle by traditional methods. We analyzed stable(More)
Vector organisms are implicated in the transmission of close to a third of all infectious diseases. In many cases, multiple vectors (species or populations) can participate in transmission but may contribute differently to disease ecology and evolution. The presence of cryptic vector populations can be particularly problematic as differences in infection(More)
The ubiquity of ticks and their importance in the transmission of pathogens involved in human and livestock diseases are reflected by the growing number of studies focusing on tick ecology and the epidemiology of tick-borne pathogens. Likewise, the involvement of wild birds in dispersing pathogens and their role as reservoir hosts are now well established.(More)
MARK BOLTON 1,2 *, ANDREA L. SMITH 3 , ELENA GÓMEZ-DÍAZ 4 , VICKI L. FRIESEN 3 , RENATA MEDEIROS 1 , JOËL BRIED 1 , JOSE L. ROSCALES 4 & ROBERT W. FURNESS 5 1 Department of Oceanography and Fisheries, University of the Azores, 9901-862 Horta, Portugal 2 Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, UK Headquarters, The Lodge, Sandy, Beds, SG19 2DL, UK 3(More)
We investigated phylogenetic relationships and the biogeographic history of the Calonectris species complex, using both molecular and biometric data from one population of the Cape Verde shearwater Calonectris edwardsii (Cape Verde Islands), one from the streaked shearwater C. leucomelas (western Pacific Ocean) and 26 from Cory's shearwater populations(More)
Sexing monomorphic seabirds is particularly difficult, and available methods have various disadvantages, such as seasonal non-applicability or stress induction. The yelkouan shearwater Puffinus yelkouan is a poorly studied seabird endemic to the Mediterranean basin. Ecological and biological data are needed for this species, thus necessitating the(More)