Elena Ercole

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BACKGROUND Bowel ultrasonography is increasingly used in the detection and follow-up of patients with Crohn's disease, but a limitation to its further diffusion is the lack of standardisation of ultrasonography parameters. AIMS This study aimed to standardise the most common bowel ultrasonography parameters in order to develop an unequivocal imaging(More)
BACKGROUND The hookworms, Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus, cause significant gastrointestinal blood loss. In clinical studies, greater blood losses have been reported with A. duodenale. However, there has been no evidence that endemic A. duodenale infection has greater impact than N. americanus infection on the iron status of populations. (More)
Intestinal helminthic infections in Pemba Island, United Republic of Tanzania, have been perceived as a public health problem for many decades. School surveys in 1988 and 1992 and a community survey in 1991 were carried out to assess the distribution of prevalence and the intensity of these infections and to define the most effective strategy for control.(More)
BACKGROUND MRCP and EUS have replaced ERCP in the diagnosis of biliary diseases, but the latter is needed for treatment. This study evaluates a new approach in the management of common bile duct stones, by using an oblique-viewing echoendoscope. METHODS Nineteen patients with acute abdominal pain associated with increased liver tests entered the study.(More)
BACKGROUND In the past few years, serologic markers have been proposed in inflammatory bowel disease. Anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies showed high specificity for Crohn's disease. A prognostic role for serology has also been hypothesised. AIMS To evaluate anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody distribution in an unselected Italian inflammatory(More)
OBJECTIVE Abdominal bowel ultrasound (US) is widely used in the management of Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic role of bowel-wall US morphology on the short-term risk of surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS The 147 CD patients recruited in a case-control study comprised 49 cases operated on within 30 days after US(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS To investigate the effects and tolerance of amantadine in chronic hepatitis C patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty consecutive patients, with biopsy proven chronic active hepatitis, were treated with amantadine 200 mg daily in the morning for two months. Nineteen patients were previous non responders to alpha-interferon, nine patients(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis of pancreatic masses is often difficult. Endoscopic ultrasound-fine needle aspiration has been proposed as the best single-step strategy. AIMS To prospectively evaluate feasibility, effectiveness and safety of endoscopic ultrasound-fine needle aspiration of pancreatic masses in a consecutive study of unselected patients. METHODS Two(More)
BACKGROUND Major limitations of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in paediatric populations are a low incidence of biliopancreatic disease among children, the equipment dimensions (size of endoscopes and devices) and the increasing role of MR-cholangiopancreatography in the field of diagnostic indications. Aim of this study was to evaluate the(More)
The comparative efficacy of albendazole and mebendazole in the treatment of intestinal nematode infections were compared 3 weeks after treatment in a randomized trial among schoolchildren on Pemba Island, Tanzania. Egg counts were compared 3 weeks, 4 months and 6 months after treatment of 731 children seen on each occasion. Differences in the efficacies(More)