Elena E. Ustinova

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Dichotomizing afferents are individual dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons that innervate two distinct structures thereby providing a form of afferent convergence that may be involved in pelvic organ cross-sensitization. To determine the distribution of dichotomizing afferents supplying the distal colon and bladder of the Sprague-Dawley rat and the C57Bl/6(More)
Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) disorders frequently overlap. We have demonstrated that acute and chronic colonic irritation can lead to neurogenic cystitis. We hypothesize that acute colonic irritation can sensitize urinary bladder afferents to mechanical and chemical stimuli. Single-unit afferent activity was recorded from fine filaments of the pelvic nerve in(More)
The coordination of pelvic physiologic function requires complex integrative sensory pathways that may converge both peripherally and/or centrally. Following a focal, acute irritative or infectious pelvic insult, these same afferent pathways may produce generalized pelvic sensitization or cross-sensitization as we show bi-directionally for the bladder and(More)
OBJECTIVE The effects of capsaicin on sensory neurons are mediated by its interaction with a specific membrane receptor and opening of a non-selective cation channel. In the rat heart, capsaicin-sensitive nerve endings are known to be activated by oxygen radicals. We investigated the possibility that free oxygen radicals stimulate sensory nerve endings by(More)
The natural hormone uroguanylin regulates intestinal fluid homeostasis and bowel function through activation of guanylate cyclase-C (GC-C), resulting in increased intracellular cyclic guanosine-3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP). We report the effects of uroguanylin-mediated activation of the GC-C/cGMP pathway in vitro on extracellular cGMP transport and in vivo in(More)
Paclitaxel (Pac) is an antitumor agent that is widely used for treatment of solid cancers. While being effective as a chemotherapeutic agent, Pac in high doses is neurotoxic, specifically targeting sensory innervations. In view of these toxic effects associated with conventional chemotherapy, decreasing the dose of Pac has been recently suggested as an(More)
AIMS Chronic pelvic pain disorders often overlap. We have shown that acute colonic irritation can produce acute irritative micturition patterns and acutely sensitize bladder afferent responses to mechanical and chemical stimuli. We hypothesize that with time, colonic irritation can lead to neurogenic changes in the bladder and the development of chronic(More)
This study examined the contribution of mast cells to colon-bladder cross organ sensitization induced by colon irritation with trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS-CI). In urethane anesthetized rats 12 days after TNBS-CI, the voiding interval was reduced from 357 s to 201 s and urothelial permeability, measured indirectly by absorption of sodium fluorescein(More)
Immunoreactive alpha-, beta- and gamma-endorphins and beta-lipotropin--C-terminal peptide fragments of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC)--were discovered and measured by RIA in the bovine adrenal medulla and cortex. These peptides were also discovered in perfusates of the adrenal gland. POMC proper and some intermediate forms of its processing not differing in(More)