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It was shown that adaptation to intermittent hypoxia in altitude chamber prevented the poststress fall of the electrical threshold of heart fibrillation. In acute ischemia, the number of fibrillation episodes and the death rate of preadapted animals were 2-3 fold lower than in controls. The adaptation to hypoxia resulted in a significant increase in(More)
Neutrophil-induced coronary microvascular leakage represents an important pathophysiological consequence of ischemic and inflammatory heart diseases. The precise mechanism by which neutrophils regulate endothelial barrier function remains to be established. The aim of this study was to examine the microvascular endothelial response to neutrophil activation(More)
Integrin-mediated endothelial cell-extracellular matrix adhesion plays a critical role in maintaining the structural integrity of microvascular walls. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of specific integrin extracellular domain binding to matrix fibronectin and vitronectin on the barrier function of intact microvascular endothelium. The(More)
Dichotomizing afferents are individual dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons that innervate two distinct structures thereby providing a form of afferent convergence that may be involved in pelvic organ cross-sensitization. To determine the distribution of dichotomizing afferents supplying the distal colon and bladder of the Sprague-Dawley rat and the C57Bl/6(More)
The functional disturbance of microvasculature is recognized as an initiating mechanism that underlies the development of various diabetic complications. Although a causal relationship between microvascular leakage and tissue damage has been well documented in diabetic kidneys and eyes, there is a lack of information regarding the barrier function of(More)
Myocardial ischemia and reperfusion can evoke excitation of cardiac vagal afferent nerve endings and activation of a cardiogenic depressor reflex (Bezold-Jarisch effect). We postulate that oxygen-derived free radicals, which are well known to be produced during prolonged ischemia and reperfusion, contribute to this excitation. Hydroxyl radicals derived from(More)
OBJECTIVE The effects of capsaicin on sensory neurons are mediated by its interaction with a specific membrane receptor and opening of a non-selective cation channel. In the rat heart, capsaicin-sensitive nerve endings are known to be activated by oxygen radicals. We investigated the possibility that free oxygen radicals stimulate sensory nerve endings by(More)
The hyperpermeability response of microvessels in inflammation involves complex signaling reactions and structural modifications in the endothelium. Our goal was to determine the role of Src-family kinases (Src) in neutrophil-mediated venular hyperpermeability and possible interactions between Src and endothelial barrier components. We found that inhibition(More)
Although the critical role of systemic inflammatory edema in the development of multiple organ failure in patients with massive burns has been fully recognized, the precise mechanisms responsible for the accumulation of blood fluid and proteins in tissues remote from the burn wound are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that(More)
Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) disorders frequently overlap. We have demonstrated that acute and chronic colonic irritation can lead to neurogenic cystitis. We hypothesize that acute colonic irritation can sensitize urinary bladder afferents to mechanical and chemical stimuli. Single-unit afferent activity was recorded from fine filaments of the pelvic nerve in(More)