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Neutrophil-induced coronary microvascular leakage represents an important pathophysiological consequence of ischemic and inflammatory heart diseases. The precise mechanism by which neutrophils regulate endothelial barrier function remains to be established. The aim of this study was to examine the microvascular endothelial response to neutrophil activation(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome and interstitial cystitis frequently overlap. We have shown that acute colitis sensitizes urinary bladder afferents to both mechanical and chemical stimuli and that chronic colitis similarly produces neurogenic cystitis. We hypothesize that chronic irritation of the colon releases neuropeptides from bladder afferents, leading to(More)
Dichotomizing afferents are individual dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons that innervate two distinct structures thereby providing a form of afferent convergence that may be involved in pelvic organ cross-sensitization. To determine the distribution of dichotomizing afferents supplying the distal colon and bladder of the Sprague-Dawley rat and the C57Bl/6(More)
Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) disorders frequently overlap. We have demonstrated that acute and chronic colonic irritation can lead to neurogenic cystitis. We hypothesize that acute colonic irritation can sensitize urinary bladder afferents to mechanical and chemical stimuli. Single-unit afferent activity was recorded from fine filaments of the pelvic nerve in(More)
The functional disturbance of microvasculature is recognized as an initiating mechanism that underlies the development of various diabetic complications. Although a causal relationship between microvascular leakage and tissue damage has been well documented in diabetic kidneys and eyes, there is a lack of information regarding the barrier function of(More)
The coordination of pelvic physiologic function requires complex integrative sensory pathways that may converge both peripherally and/or centrally. Following a focal, acute irritative or infectious pelvic insult, these same afferent pathways may produce generalized pelvic sensitization or cross-sensitization as we show bi-directionally for the bladder and(More)
OBJECTIVE The effects of capsaicin on sensory neurons are mediated by its interaction with a specific membrane receptor and opening of a non-selective cation channel. In the rat heart, capsaicin-sensitive nerve endings are known to be activated by oxygen radicals. We investigated the possibility that free oxygen radicals stimulate sensory nerve endings by(More)
The hyperpermeability response of microvessels in inflammation involves complex signaling reactions and structural modifications in the endothelium. Our goal was to determine the role of Src-family kinases (Src) in neutrophil-mediated venular hyperpermeability and possible interactions between Src and endothelial barrier components. We found that inhibition(More)
The effects of the simple phospholipid mediator lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) on the contractile responsiveness of isolated tracheal rings from rabbits and cats were assessed. In both species, LPA increased the contractile response to the muscarinic agonist methacholine, but LPA did not induce contraction on its own. Conversely, LPA decreased the relaxation(More)