Elena E Filyushina

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By means of carboxymethylation, a novel water-soluble carboxymethyl chitin-glucan (CM-CG) was prepared from the mycelium of Aspergillus niger, and its ability to stimulate macrophages was assessed and compared to that of the previously studied carboxymethylated glucan (CMG) from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It was demonstrated that single(More)
The structural characteristics of the renal medulla and its interstitial cells were studied in hypertensive ISIAH rats (in comparison with normotensive WAG rats) in order to clear out the role of the renomedullary interstitial cells in the mechanisms of AP regulation. Morphometric electron microscopic analysis and immunohistochemical studies in ISIAH rats(More)
Morphometric analysis revealed no signs of myocardial hypertrophy at the tissue and ultrastructural levels in 3-week-old NISAG rat pups reared by normotensive Wistar females. The severity of myocardial hypertrophy in these animals aging 6 months was similar to that in NISAG rats reared by natural mothers. However, raising conditions during the early(More)
Serum chitotriosidase activity was determined in different conditions accompanied by macrophage stimulation. Stimulation of macrophages with zymosan, yeast polysaccharide carboxymethylglucan (fraction II), and lysosomotropic preparation Triton WR-1339 1.5-2.0-fold increased enzyme activity. Chitotriosidase activity in intact Wistar rats was similar to that(More)
Kinetics of gadolinium accumulation was studied by inductively coupled plasma-emission spectroscopy after intravenous injection of this agent (7.5 mg/kg) to CBA mice. Gadolinium exhibits lysosomotropic properties (long-term selective accumulation in lysosomes in vivo). Gadolinium uptake by hepatic cells attained maximum 1 h after its intravenous injection(More)
Structural characteristics of renal glomeruli were studied in adult hypertensive NISAG rats (hereditary stress-induced hypertension) receiving antihypertensive drug enalapril, an inhibitor of angiotensin-converting enzyme, on days 28-58 of life. Treatment with enalapril (25 mg/kg perorally) in the early period of postnatal ontogeny produced delayed(More)
Comparative immunohistochemical and electron microscopic study of the adrenals from hypertensive ISIAH rats and normotensive WAG rats (control) showed a more intense reaction to chromogranin A in the ISIAH adrenal in comparison with the control. Electron microscopy and morphometric analysis showed high volume and numerical densities of the secretory(More)
We studied structural characteristics of the myocardium and glomerular apparatus of the kidneys in 3-week- and 6-month-old male NISAG rats (hereditary stress-induced arterial hypertension) subjected to handling on days 1-21 of postnatal ontogeny. The animals were daily isolated from mothers for 10 min. Handling did not modulate the development of arterial(More)
Morphometry of ultrastructural components of renal glomeruli in 3-week- and 6-month-old rats with hereditary stress-induced arterial hypertension (NISAG rats) reared by normotensive Wistar females showed deceleration of the development of arterial hypertension in NISAG rats and attenuated its negative consequences for kidneys as the target organs.
In an attempt to better understand potential biomarkers for, and the role of macrophages in, the development of atherosclerosis, the toxicologic, and any therapeutic pharmacologic effects of carboxymethylated β-glucan, gadolinium chloride, and poloxamer 407 were studied in mice for their capacity to perturb serum lipids, cystatin C, and chitotriosidase-1.(More)