Elena Chiappini

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OBJECTIVE To examine epidemiological, clinical, and outcome in Italian children affected with Henoch Schönlein purpura (HSP). METHODS Retrospective study of children discharged with a diagnosis of HSP from the Meyer Children's Hospital, between 1998 and 2002. Epidemiological, clinical, laboratory data, treatment, and outcome were collected by reviewing(More)
BACKGROUND Resurgence of pertussis in the post-vaccination era has been reported in Western countries. A shift of cases from school-age children to adolescents, adults and children under 1 year of age has been described in the last decade, and mortality rates in infants are still sustained. We aimed to review and discuss the possible vaccination strategies(More)
BACKGROUND Streptococcal pharyngitis is a frequently observed condition, but its optimal management continues to be debated. OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to evaluate the available guidelines, developed at the national level, for the management of streptococcal pharyngitis in Western countries, with a focus on their differences. METHODS A(More)
Vaccines have eradicated or controlled many infectious diseases, saving each year millions of lives and quality of life of many other millions of people. In spite of the success of vaccines over the last two centuries, parents (and also some health care workers) gloss over the devastating consequences of diseases, which are now avoided thanks to vaccines,(More)
OBJECTIVE This article summarizes the Italian Pediatric Society guideline on the management of the signs and symptoms of fever in children, prepared as part of the National Guideline Program (NGLP). METHODS Relevant publications in English and Italian were identified through searches of MEDLINE and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from their(More)
AIM To describe the chickenpox complications in children in Italy. METHODS Hospital discharge data from 1 January 2002 to 15 June 2006 were queried for patients less than 18 years of age in three Italian paediatric university hospitals. RESULTS During the study period, 349 children (189 males, 160 females) were admitted. Thirteen out of 349 (3.7%) of(More)
UNLABELLED HIV is the top and tuberculosis is the second leading cause of death from infectious disease worldwide, with an estimated 8.7 million incident cases of tuberculosis and 2.5 million new HIV infections annually. The World Health Organization estimates that HIV prevalence among children with tuberculosis, in countries with moderate to high(More)
BACKGROUND Guidelines for the management of fever in children have been recently published, however "fever phobia" is still spreading. To provide information which may sustain educational interventions tailored to our population we investigated the parental and medical knowledge and management of fever in preschool children. METHODS A questionnaire was(More)
Rotavirus infection is usually localized to the intestine but involvement of extra-intestinal sites, including the respiratory tract, liver, kidney, lymph nodes, and central nervous system, has been reported. The extra-intestinal spread of the virus may occur through blood since viraemia has been documented occasionally in animals and humans. Nevertheless,(More)
BACKGROUND In 2009, the Italian Pediatric Society developed national guidelines for management of fever in children for health care providers and parents/caregivers; an update of these guidelines was scheduled after 2 years. OBJECTIVE This article summarizes the update of Italian guidelines on managing fever in children, focusing specifically on measuring(More)