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Existing antidepressant treatments exhibit limited efficacy and a slow onset of action. Several neurobiological adaptive mechanisms might delay the clinical effects of antidepressants, whose therapeutic action is primarily triggered by an increase of serotonergic and noradrenergic neurotransmission. Here, we review several potential mechanisms that could be(More)
BACKGROUND A family history of prostate cancer (PrCa) is a strong risk factor for the disease, indicating that inherited factors are important in this disease. We previously estimated that about 2% of PrCa cases diagnosed ≤ 55 years harbour a BRCA2 mutation and PrCa among BRCA2 carriers has been shown to be more aggressive, with poorer survival. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate cancer (PrCa) is one of the most common cancers affecting men but its aetiology is poorly understood. Family history of PrCa, particularly at a young age, is a strong risk factor. There have been previous reports of increased PrCa risk in male BRCA1 mutation carriers in female breast cancer families, but there is a controversy as to(More)
5-HT1A receptor-mediated signalling in rat brain was evaluated after chronic administration (14 days; s.c.) of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRRI) fluoxetine (10 mg/kg/day) alone, or in combination with the 5-HT1A receptor antagonist WAY100635 (0.1 mg/kg/day). The density of 5-HT1A binding sites was unchanged following fluoxetine, WAY100635,(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the baseline clinicopathologic characteristics of prostate tumors with germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) mutations and the prognostic value of those mutations on prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS This study analyzed the tumor features and outcomes of 2,019 patients with PCa (18 BRCA1 carriers, 61 BRCA2 carriers, and(More)
The use of peat as a growing media in forestry nurseries is decreasing due to high costs and environmental considerations. Furthermore, diverse waste products are being used as organic amendments in certain soils before afforestation. In this study, combinations of both of these resources are considered and seven different materials were used to make(More)
Increasing data indicate that brain endocannabinoid system plays a role in the effects of antidepressant medications. Here we examined the effect of in vivo exposure to the selective serotonin uptake inhibitor fluoxetine on cannabinoid type 1 (CB(1)) receptor density and functionality in the rat prefrontal cortex (PFC) and cerebellum. Long-term treatment(More)
Worldwide, familial and epidemiological studies have generated considerable evidence of an inherited component to prostate cancer. Indeed, rare highly penetrant genetic mutations have been implicated. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have also identified 76 susceptibility loci associated with prostate cancer risk, which occur commonly but are of low(More)
BACKGROUND Germline BRCA mutations are associated with worse prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes; however, the most appropriate management for mutation carriers has not yet been investigated. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the response of BRCA carriers to conventional treatments for localised PCa by analysing metastasis-free survival (MFS) and cause-specific survival(More)
BACKGROUND Men with germline breast cancer 1, early onset (BRCA1) or breast cancer 2, early onset (BRCA2) gene mutations have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer (PCa) than noncarriers. IMPACT (Identification of Men with a genetic predisposition to ProstAte Cancer: Targeted screening in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers and controls) is an international(More)