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The objective was to review and compare outcomes after tongue-lip adhesion (TLA) and mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) in infants with severe breathing difficulties related to Pierre Robin sequence (PRS). A single-centre retrospective (2002-2012) study was carried out; 18 infants with severe breathing difficulties related to PRS resistant to(More)
BACKGROUND Over a 36-month study period, 10 nonconsecutive neuromuscular pediatric patients (6 infants, mean age 10.16 months, and 4 children, mean age 9.3 years) presenting with acute respiratory failure (ARF) were treated by noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV). All patients required immediate respiratory support and fulfilled our intubation(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of isoflurane-remifentanil and sevoflurane-remifentanil combinations during neurosurgical correction craniosynostosis. METHODS Twenty-two infants with craniosynostosis received a slow bolus of remifentanil followed by continuous infusion. The infants were randomly divided into two groups:(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is the first described neurotrophin that stimulates the growth and differentiation of nerve cells and promotes skin and peripheral tissue regeneration. Recent studies suggest that NGF influences endothelial cell proliferation and angiogenic activity. In view of these proposed regenerative effects, we evaluated the efficacy of(More)
Congenital anomalous origins of the coronary arteries represents a rare but well-described cause of myocardial ischemia and sudden death. Left coronary artery (LCA) arising from the right sinus of Valsalva is a rare congenital coronary anomaly that seems to be commonly associated with sudden death in young trained athletes. The possibility of a coronary(More)
Bacterial translocation as a direct cause of sepsis is an attractive hypothesis that presupposes that in specific situations bacteria cross the intestinal barrier, enter the systemic circulation, and cause a systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Critically ill children are at increased risk for bacterial translocation, particularly in the early postnatal(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated the neurotrophic factors [nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), glia-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF)] expression and their association with the severity and outcome of children with traumatic brain injury. DESIGN Prospective observational clinical study. SETTING Pediatric intensive care unit. (More)